It has sometimes been suggested that Spinoza would more correctly be regarded as the ‘last of the medievals’ than as among the first of the moderns. If, however, we consider his doctrine of causation (a crucial concept in the transition from medieval to modern thought), though his insistence on the conative nature of causal transeuncy gives some support to this suggestion, his statement that “final causes are human figments” seems definitely to rule it out. Indeed, we shall see that in this matter his position is neither medieval nor modern, but eirenarchical. Transeunt causality is neither coercive nor final, nor is it impotent, but conative - and conatus is a privation of real causality which is eternal action.
KeywordsLogical Implication Logical Ground Ideal Content Modern Thought Efficient Causality
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