Ankylosing spondylitis and seronegative spondarthritis
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Ankylosing spondylitis is an important cause of back pain in young persons. It is an inflammatory type of arthritis of the spine and sacroiliac joints, a rheumatoid-like condition of the spine. In fact, it was once actually thought to be rheumatoid arthritis of the spine; we now know that this is not so — rheumatoid factor is not present in ankylosing spondylitis, the peripheral joints are not usually involved (though they are occasionally) and the pain responds in a curiously brisk and almost ‘specific’ manner to deep X-ray therapy and anti-inflammatory drugs. Ankylosing spondylitis is one of a group of conditions known as seronegative spondarthritis (a division of seronegative arthritis in general) — see Table 9.1.
KeywordsAnkylose Spondylitis Psoriatic Arthritis Sacroiliac Joint Anterior Uveitis Peripheral Arthritis
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