Advertisement

The phytoplankton species composition and the seasonal periodicity in Lake Vechten from 1956 to 1979

  • Marianne C. I. Blaauboer
Chapter
  • 69 Downloads
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 11)

Abstract

The species composition and seasonal periodicity of the phytoplankton in Lake Vechten (The Netherlands) have been studied over a 20 year period. The results show a more or less regular pattern of algal succession during the year. Phytoplankton growth starts early in the year leading to a maximum in early spring, dominated by Bacillariophyceae and some Chlorophyceae. In summer a second maximum develops mainly consisting of a chrysophycean and a dinophycean species, accompanied by several Chlorophyceae. In September the summer species are gradually succeeded by diatoms. By the end of the summer stratification in October algal numbers decrease rapidly. The winter community consists of several species of Cryptophyceae and Chrysophyceae.

When the data of 1975–1979 are compared with those from earlier records, distinct changes can be observed. These changes are discussed with reference to the trophic status of the lake. The vertical distribution of some species is described.

Keywords

phytoplankton species composition seasonal periodicity vertical distribution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blaauboer, M. C. I., van Keulen, R. & Cappenberg, Th. E., 1982. Extracellular release of photosynthetic products by freshwater phytoplankton populations, with special reference to the algal species involved. Freshwat. Biol, (in press.).Google Scholar
  2. Bourelly, P., 1966–1970. Les algues d’eau douce; initiation à la systematique. Boubée, Paris. 3 vols.Google Scholar
  3. Davis, C. C., 1964. Evidence for the eutrophication of Lake Erie from phytoplankton records. Limnol. Oceanogr. 9: 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fogg, G. E., 1975. Primary productivity. In: Riley, J. P. & Skirrow, G (Eds.) Chemical Oceanography, Vol. 2, pp. 386–445. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Fogg, G. E., Stewart, W. D. P., Fay, P. & Walsby, A. E., 1973. The Blue-Green Algae. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  6. Gulati, R. D., Siewertsen, K. & Postema, G., 1982. The zooplankton: its community structure, food and feeding, and role in the ecosystem of Lake Vechten. Hydrobiologia 95: 127–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hustedt, F., 1962. Dr. L. Rabenhorsts Kryptogamen Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. V II. Band: Die Kieselalgen. Johnson Reprint Corp., New York/J. Cramer, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  8. Hutchinson, G. E., 1944. Limnological studies in Connecticut. 7. A critical examination of the supposed relationship between phytoplankton periodicity and chemical changes in lake waters. Ecology 25: 3–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hutchinson, G. E., 1967. A Treatise on Limnology, Vol. 2. John Wiley, New York/J. Cramer, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  10. Mackareth, F. J. H., 1953. Phosphorus utilization by Asterionella formosa Hass. J. exp. Bot. 4: 296–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Makarewicz, J. C., Baybutt, R. I. & Damann, K., 1979. Changes in the apparent temperature optima of the plankton of Lake Michigan at Chicago. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 36: 1169–1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nauwerck, A., 1963. Die Beziehungen zwischen Zooplankton und Phytoplankton im See Erken. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 17: 1–163.Google Scholar
  13. Nygaard, G., 1977. Vertical and seasonal distribution of some motile freshwater plankton algae in relation to some environmental factors. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 51: 67–76.Google Scholar
  14. Parma, S., 1971. Chaoborusflavicans(Meigen)(Diptera, Chaoboridae): an autecological study. Ph. D. thesis, Groningen. 128 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Pascher, A., 1976. Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz, Heft 10. Bacillariales by F. Hustedt. Reprinted by Otto Koeltz Sei. Publ., Koenigstein.Google Scholar
  16. Pearsall, W. H., 1932. Phytoplankton in the English lakes. 2. The composition of the phytoplankton in relation to dissolved substances. J. Ecol. 20: 241–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pechlaner, R., 1970. The phytoplankton spring outburst and its conditions in Lake Erken (Sweden). Limnol. Oceanogr. 15: 113–130.Google Scholar
  18. Prescott, G. W., 1951. Algae of the Western Great Lakes Area. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull. 31.Google Scholar
  19. Rodhe, W., 1948. Environmental requirements of freshwater plankton algae. Experimental studies in the ecology of phytoplankton. Symbol. Bot. Upsal. 10: 1–149.Google Scholar
  20. Skuja, H., 1948. Taxonomie des Phytoplanktons einiger Seen in Uppland, Sweden. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 9: 396 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Skuja, H., 1957. Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton Schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. 4, 16: 1–404.Google Scholar
  22. Steenbergen, C. L. M. & Verdouw, H., 1982. Lake Vechten: aspects of its morphometry, climate, hydrology and physicochemical characteristics. Hydrobiologia 95: 11–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Talling, J. G., 1962 freshwater algae. In: Lewin, R. A. (Ed.) Physiology and Biochemistry of Algae, pp. 743–757. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Talling, J. F., 1971. The underwater light climate as a controlling factor in the production ecology of freshwater phytoplankton. Mitt. int. Verein Limnol. 19: 214–243.Google Scholar
  25. Tilman, D., 1977. Resource competition between planktonic algae: an experimental and theoretical approach. Ecology 58: 338–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tilman, D. & Kilham, S.S., 1976. Phosphate and silicate growth and uptake kinetics of the diatoms Asterionella formosa and Cyclotella meneghiniana in batch and semicontinuous culture. J. Phycol. 12: 375–383.Google Scholar
  27. Tilzer, M. M., 1973. Diurnal periodicity in the phytoplankton assemblage of a high mountain lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18: 15–31.Google Scholar
  28. Utermöhl, H., 1958. Zur Vervollkommnung der quantitativen Phytoplankton-Methodik. Mitt. int. Verein Limnol. 9: 1–38.Google Scholar
  29. Weimann, R., 1933. Hydrobiologische und hydrographische Untersuchungen an zwei teichartigen Gewässern. Beih. bot. Zbl. 51: 397–476.Google Scholar
  30. Weimann, R., 1942. Zur Gliederung und Dynamik der Flachgewässer. Arch. Hydrobiol. 38: 481–524.Google Scholar
  31. Werff, A. van der & Huls, H., 1957–1974. Diatomeeënflora van Nederland.Google Scholar
  32. Wetzel, R. G., 1975. Limnology. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia. 743 pp.Google Scholar
  33. Willén, E., 1976. A simplified method of phytoplankton counting. Br. phycol. J. 11: 265–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zimmerman, U., 1969. Ökologische und physiologische Untersuchungen an der planktischen Blaualge Oscillatoria rubescens D. C. unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Licht und Temperatur. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 31: 1–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianne C. I. Blaauboer
    • 1
  1. 1.‘Vijverhof’ LaboratoryLimnological InstituteNieuwersluisThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations