Lake Vechten: aspects of its morphometry, climate, hydrology and physico-chemical characteristics

  • C. L. M. Steenbergen
  • H. Verdouw
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 11)


The physiography of Lake Vechten (The Netherlands) is described together with morphometric data. The lake (surface area 4.7 ha; mean depth 6.0 m) consists of two basins with maximum depths of 10.5 and 11.9 m. Meteorological conditions in the region and horizontal groundwater flow play an important role in the renewal time, which is about two years. The lake has in most years a circulation period from November till April but in some years, when the ice cover is prolonged, it is stratified in winter as well. The summer stratification extending from May to the end of October is very stable, with an anaerobic hypolimnion. Eddy conductivity in the stagnant water is calculated. The water transparency is strongly influenced by the presence of algal and bacterial populations and by resuspended particulate matter. Secchi disk depth ranges from 1.8 to 4.5 m. The 1% of the surface light reaches from 4 to 5 m depth in November and from 8 to 9.5 m depth in May. The ionic composition and nutrient status of the lake are given.


morphometry climate waterbalance thermal regime light penetration ionic balance Lake Vechten 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beattie, D. M., Golterman, H. L. & Vijverberg, J., 1978. An introduction to the limnology of the Friesian lakes. Hydrobiologia 58: 49–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beeton, A. M., 1958. Relationship between Secchi disk readings and light penetration in lake Huron. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 87: 73–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Best, Elly P. H., Blaauboer, Marianne C. I., Cappenberg, Th. E., Gons, H. J., Gulati, R. D., De Kloet, W. A., Steenbergen, C. L. M. & Verdouw, H., 1978. Towards an integrated study of the ecosystem of Lake Vechten. Hydrobiol. Bull. 12: 107–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blaauboer, Marianne C. I., 1982. The phytoplankton species composition and the seasonal periodicity in Lake Vechten from 1956 to 1979. Hydrobiologia 95: 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bos, J. H., 1981. Hydrologisch onderzoek in ‘Vechten’ (with English summary). Student report No. 1981 - 14. Limnological Institute, Nieuwersluis/Oosterzee.Google Scholar
  6. Buisman, J., 1978. Weer of geen weer. Bosch & Keunig, Baarn.Google Scholar
  7. Cole, G. A., 1975. Textbook of Limnology. Mosby, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  8. Gasith, A. & Hasler, A. D., 1976. Airborne litterfall as a source of organic matter in lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 21: 253–258.Google Scholar
  9. Gons, H. J., 1981. Carbon cycle in Lake Vechten. In: Parma S. & Gulati R. D. (Eds.) Progress Report Limnological Institute 1980. Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wet. afd. Nat., 2e Reeks 77.Google Scholar
  10. Gulati, R. D., 1972. Limnological studies on some lakes in the Netherlands — I. A limnological reconnaissance and primary production of Wijde Blik, an artificially deepened lake. Freshwat. Biol. 2: 37–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gulati, R. D., Siewertsen, K. & Postema, G., 1982. The zooplankton: its community structure, food and feeding, and role in the ecosystem of Lake Vechten. Hydrobiologia 95: 127–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hallegraeff, G. M., 1977. Pigment diversity in freshwater phytoplankton — II. Summer-succession in three Dutch lakes with different trophic characteristics. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 62: 19–39.Google Scholar
  13. Harris, G. P., 1978. Photosynthesis, productivity and growth: the physiological ecology of phytoplankton. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 10: 1–171.Google Scholar
  14. Hutchinson, G. E., 1957. A Treatise on Limnology, Vol. I: Geography, Physics and Chemistry. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Leentvaar, P., 1958. Observations on the plankton of some inland waters, especially ‘Wielen’, in the Netherlands. Beaufortia 6: 171–197.Google Scholar
  16. Leentvaar, P., 1971. Biologische consequenties van zandwinning. Natuur Landschap 25: 116–124.Google Scholar
  17. Neumann, J., 1959. Maximum depth and average depth of lakes. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 16: 923–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parma, S., 1971. Chaoborus flavicans (Meigen) (Diptera, Chaoboridae): an autecological study. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Groningen. 128 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Parma, S., 1980. Historie en morfometrie van ‘Vechten’. Internal report No. 1980 - 3, Limnological Institute, Nieuwersluis/ Oosterzee.Google Scholar
  20. Redeke, H. C., 1948. Hydrobiologie van Nederland; de zoete wateren. De Boer, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  21. Ringelberg, J., 1981. General introduction to the research in the Maarsseveen lakes area. Hydrobiol. Bull. 15: 3–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rodhe, W., 1949. The ionic composition of lake waters. Verh. int. Verein. Limnol. 10: 377–386.Google Scholar
  23. Sauberer, F., 1962. Empfehlungen für die Durchführung von Strahlungsmessungen an und in Gewässern. Mitt. int. Verein. Limnol. 11: 1–77.Google Scholar
  24. Steenbergen, C. L. M., 1974. The role of light in the life cycle of Scenedesmus obliquus (Turp.) Kütz. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Utrecht. 56 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Steenbergen, C. L. M., 1982. Contribution of photosynthetic sulphur bacteria to primary production in Lake Vechten. Hydrobiologia 95: 59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Talling, J. F., 1971. The underwater light climate as a controlling factor in the production ecology of freshwater phytoplankton. Mitt. int. Verein. Limnol. 19: 214–243.Google Scholar
  27. Van Heusden, G. P. H., 1945. Waarnemingen in eenige ‘Wielen’ in de Betuwe. Tijdschr. Kon. Ned. Aardrijksk. Genootsch. 62: 118–141.Google Scholar
  28. Verdouw, H. & Dekkers, E. M. J., 1980. Iron and manganese in Lake Vechten (The Netherlands); dynamics and role in the cycle of reducing power. Arch. Hydrobiol. 89: 509–532.Google Scholar
  29. Verdouw, H. & Dekkers, E. M. J., 1982. Nitrogen cycle of Lake Vechten: concentration patterns and internal mass-balance. Hydrobiologia 95: 191–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Verdouw, H. & Dekkers, E. M.J., 1982. Nitrogen cycle of Lake Vechten (The Netherlands); role of sedimentation. Arch. Hydrobiol. 94: 251–263.Google Scholar
  31. Vollenweider, R. A., 1960. Beiträge zur Kenntnis optischer Eigenschaften der Gewässer und Primärproduktion. Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol. 12: 201–244.Google Scholar
  32. Wetzel, R. G., 1975. Limnology. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  33. Wisselo, A. G., 1980. Onderzoek naar de fosforkringloop in de plas Vechten in 1979 (with English summary). Internal report No. 1980 - 4, Limnological Institute, Nieuwersluis/Oosterzee.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. L. M. Steenbergen
    • 1
  • H. Verdouw
    • 1
  1. 1.‘Vijverhof’ LaboratoryLimnological InstituteNieuwersluisThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations