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Population dynamics and production of Daphnia hyalina Leydig and Daphnia cucullata Sars in Tjeukemeer

  • J. Vijverberg
  • A. F. Richter
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Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 11)

Abstract

As part of a research programme on the food chains in Tjeukemeer, the Daphnia hyalina and Daphnia cucullata populations were studied for three successive years. To analyse the factors regulating the production of these two species, their population parameters (density, size distribution, fecundity) and population dynamics (birth rate, mortality rate) were studied and related to environmental factors. Since Daphnia in Tjeukemeer shows continuous recruitment, the population dynamics model ‘INSTAR’ was developed and used to integrate field data with laboratory data on development rates and length-weight relationships. The dynamics of the Daphnia species are mainly regulated by temperature and fish predation, the latter affects both birth rate and mortality. Total annual Daphnia production was 3.1–6.9 g org. dry wt m-2, and annual P/B ratio ranged from 25 to 40 for D. cucullata and from 45 to 49 for D. hyalina.

Keywords

population dynamics secondary production Cladocera Daphnia simulation 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Vijverberg
    • 1
  • A. F. Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Tjeukemeer LaboratoryLimnological InstituteOosterzeeThe Netherlands

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