Binocularity in Comitant Esotropia and Exotropia

  • E. C. Campos
  • C. Chiesi
Part of the Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series book series (DOPS, volume 32)


With a series of experiments, it is shown that both in concomitant small-angle esotropia and exotropia, one can find wide areas of overlapping of the visual fields of the two eyes. This type of overlapping is defined as anomalous binocular vision. In this group of patients no suppression scotomas were detected. This is due to the fact that the test-targets were fusable stimuli, with appropriate controls for binocularity. The same patients, tested with more artificial (or ‘dissociating’) techniques, exhibited suppression scotomas in the identical areas where anomalous binocularity was found with our technique. In patients with large-angle exotropia, suppression scotomas were always present. However, their shape was strongly influenced by the testing technique.

It is concluded that reliable information on the quality of binocularity in strabismus can be obtained only with methods which alter as little as possible the everyday seeing condition of the patient.


White Light Source Angle Strabismus Binocular Visual Field Binocular Single Vision Anomalous Retinal Correspondence 
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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. C. Campos
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Chiesi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Service Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of ModenaModenaItaly
  2. 2.E.C. Campos Clinica Oculistica dell’UniversitàModenaItaly

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