Constitutive Modeling and Soil-Structure Interaction

  • C. S. Desai
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 92)

Abstract

The purpose of these lecture notes is to discuss the topic of constitutive modelling for geological materials and interfaces, and their importance in problems involving soil-structure interaction. The presentation is covered in three parts. The first part discusses some commonly used constitutive models for solids with particular attention to laboratory testing and determination of constitutive parameters. The second part covers the subject of modelling for interfaces and determination of parameters from laboratory tests. Most of this presentation covers static loading, however, in the case of interfaces, consideration is also given to cyclic testing. The last part covers a number of applications involving solution of several boundary value problems. Here attention is given to the topic of verification of constitutive models, and selection of the most appropriate model for a given problem. Although relevant references have been cited at appropriate locations, a majority of these notes include recent research investigations performed by the author and his coworkers.

Keywords

Clay Transportation Excavation Liquefaction Phan 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Desai, C. S., Phan, H. V., and Sture, S.: 1981, Procedure, Selection and Application of Plasticity Models for a Soil, Int. J. Num. Analyt. Meth. in Geomech., Vol. 5, No. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Desai, C. S., and Siriwardane, H. J.: Constitutive Laws of Engineering Materials; Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, under publication.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nelson, I., and Baron, M. L.: 1971, Application of Variable Moduli Models to Soil Behavior, Int. J. Solids Struc., Vol. 7, pp. 399 - 417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Drucker, D. C., and Prager, W.: 1952, Soil Mechanics and Plastic Analysis of Limit Design, Quart. Appl. Math., Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 157 - 165.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Roscoe, K. H., and Burland, J. B.: 1968, On the Generalized Stress-Strain Behavior of ‘Wet’ Clays, in Engineering Plasticity, Heyman, J., and Leckie, F. A. (Eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, England.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    DiMaggio, F., and Sandler, I.: 1971, Material Models for Granular Soils, J. of Engg. Mech. Div., ASCE, Vol. 197, No. EM3.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zienkiewicz, O. C., and Cormeau, I. C.: 1974, Visco-Plasticity, Plasticity and Creep in Elastic Solids: A Unified Numerical Solution Approach, Int. J. Numer., Methods Eng., Vol. 8, pp. 821 - 845.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lade, P. V.: 1977, Elastic-Plastic Stress-Strain Theory for Cohesionless Soil with Curried Yield Surfaces, Int. J. Solids and Struct., Vol. 13, pp. 1019 - 1035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Prevost, J. H.: 1977, Mathematical Modeling of Monotonic and Cyclic Undrained Clay Behavior, Int. J. Num. Analyt. Methods in Geomech., Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 156 - 216.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bazant, Z. P., and Krizek, R. J.: 1976, Endochronic Constitutive Law for Liquefaction of Sand, J. of Engg. Mech. Div., ASCE, Vol. 102, Net. EM2, pp. 225 - 238.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dafalias, Y. F., and Herrmann, L. R.: A Generalized Bounding Surface Constitutive Model for Clays in Applications of Plasticity and Generalized Stress-Strain Relations in Geotech. Engg. Special Publ. Series, ASCE, under publication.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Desai, C. S.: 1980, A General Basis for Yield, Failure and Potential Functions in Plasticity, Int. J. Num. and Analy. Methods Geomech., Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 361 - 375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Desai, C. S., and Siriwardane, H. J.: 1980, A Concept of Correction Functions to Account for Non-Associative Characteristics of Geological Media, Int. J. Numer. and Analyt. Methods in Geomech., Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 377 - 387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baker, R., and Desai, C. S.: Consequences of Deviatoric Normality in Plasticity with Isotropic Strain Hardening, under publication in Int. J. Numer. and Analyt. Methods in Geomech.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sture, S., and Desai, C. S.: 1979, Fluid Cushion Truly Triaxial or Multiaxial Testing Device, J. of Geotech. Testing, ASTM, Vol. 2, No. 1.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Desai, C. S., Janardhanam, R., and Sture, S.: A High Capacity Multiaxial Testing Device, Submitted to J. Geotech. Testing, ASTM.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Desai, C. S., Perumpral, J. V., and Sture, S.: 1980, Mechanics of Soil-Tool Interaction in Tillage, Report to NSF, Dept. of Civil Engg., Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Phan, H. V.: 1979, Geometric and Material Nonlinear Analysis of Three-Dimensional Soil-Structure Interaction, Ph.D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Desai, C. S., Phan, H. V., and Perumpral, J. V.: Mechanics of Three-Dimensional Soil-Structure Interaction, under publication, J. Engg. Mech. Div., ASCE.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Siriwardane, H. J.: 1980, Nonlinear Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis for One-, Two- and Three-Dimensional Problems Using Finite Element Method, Ph.D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Janardhanam, R.: 1981, Constitutive Modeling for Media in Track Support Structures, Ph.D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Desai, C. S., Siriwardane, H. J., and Janardhanam, R.: 1980, Load Transfer and Interaction in Track-Guideway Systems, Report to Office of Univ. Res., DOT, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Desai, C. S., and Siriwardane, H. J.: Numerical Models for Track Support Structures, accepted for publication, J. Geotech. Engg. Div., ASCE.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goodman, R. E., Taylor, R. L, and Brekke, T. L.: 1968, Model for Mechanics of Jointed Rock, J. of Soil Mech. and Found. Div., ASCE, Vol. 94, No. SMI.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ghaboussi, J., Wilson, E. L., and Isenberg, J.: 1973, Finite Element for Rock Joints and Interfaces, J. Soil Mech. and Found. Div., ASCE, Vol. 94, No. 3Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Desai, C. S.: 1974, Numerical Design Analysis of Piles in Sands, J. Geotech. Engg. Div., ASCE, Vol. 100, No. GT6.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Katona, M. G. et al.: CANDE, 1976, A Modern Approach for the Structural Design and Analysis of Buried Culverts, Report FHWA-RD-77, Fed. Highway Admin., Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Herrmann, L. R.: 1978, Finite Element Analysis of Contact Problems, J. Engg. Mech. Div., ASCE, Vol. 104, No. EM5.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Desai, C. S., and Christian, J. T. (Eds.): 1977, Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Co., N.Y.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Desai, C. S.: 1977, Soil-Structure Interaction and Simulation Problems, Chap. 7 in Finite Elements in Geomechanics, G. Gudehus ( Ed. ), John Wiley. U. KaGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Desai, C. S.: 1981, Behavior of Interfaces Between Structural and Geologic Media, Proc. Int. Conf. on Geotech. Earthquake Engg. and Soil Dynamics, Vol. II, St. Louis, MO.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lightner, J. G., and Desai, C. S.: 1979, Improved Numerical Procedures for Soil-Structure Interaction Including Simulation of Construction Sequences, Report VPI-E-79. 32, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Isenberg, J., and Vaughan, D. K.: 1981, Nonlinear Effects in Soil-Structure Interaction, Proc. Symp. on Impl. Of Computer Procedures and Stress-Strain Laws in Geotech. Engg., Chicago.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pande, G. N., and Sharma, K. G.: 1979, On Joint Interface Elements and Associated Problems of Numerical 111 - Conditioning, Short Comm., Int. J. Numer. Analyt. Methods Geomech., Vol. 3, No. 3.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lightner, J. G.: 1981, A Mixed Finite Element Procedure for Soil-Structure Interaction Including Construction Sequences, Ph.D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Lightner, J. G., and Desai, C. S.: 1981, Mixed Finite Element Procedures for Soil-Structure Interaction and Construction Sequences, Report to National Science Foundation, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sargand, S.: 1981, A Hybrid Finite Element Procedure for Soil-Structure Interaction Including Construction Sequences, Ph.D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sargand, S. M., and Desai, C. S.: 1981, Hybrid Finite Element Procedures for Soil-Structure Interaction and Construction Sequences, Report to National Science Foundation, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Desai, C. S.: A Cyclic Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Shear Device, under publication, J. Geotech. Testing, ASTM.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Norwegian Geotechnical Institute: 1962, Measurements at Strutted Excavation, 0S10 Subway, Vaterland 1, km 1373, NGI Tech. Report No. 6, Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mana, A.: 1978, Finite Element Analyses of Deep Excavation Behavior in Soft Clay, Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford Univ., Stanford, Calif.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. S. Desai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering MechanicsUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations