Development and Establishment in Artificial Intelligence

  • James Fleck
Part of the Sociology of the Sciences a Yearbook book series (SOSC, volume 6)


In this paper, I discuss the role played by scientific establishments in the development of a particular scientific specialty (1), Artificial Intelligence (AI), a computer-related area which takes as its broad aim, the construction of computer programs that model aspects of intelligent behaviour. As with any discussion of a scientific specialty, the identification of what is involved is not unproblematic, and the above serves as an indication rather than a definition. While the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ is used in a variety of ways (2), there is a discernable group (perhaps approaching the degree of commonality to be called a community) of researchers who recognize the term as descriptive of a certain sort of work, and who, if they themselves are not willing to be directly labelled by the term, can locate themselves with respect to it.


Machine Intelligence Theorem Prove Science Research Council Intelligent Activity Artificial Intelligence Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Fleck
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Aston in BirminghamUSA

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