Syntactic Representation, Syntactic Levels, and the Notion of Subject

  • David M. Perlmutter
Part of the Synthese Language Library book series (SLAP, volume 15)

Keywords

Posit Rosen Prefix Boris Alan 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, Barbara J. (to appear) ‘Goal Advancement in Southern Tiwa.’Google Scholar
  2. Allen, Barbara J. and Donald G. Frantz (1978) ‘Verb Agreement in Southern Tiwa.’ Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley). Revised version in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  3. Allen, Barbara J., Donald G. Frantz, Donna B. Gardiner, and David M. Perlmutter (to appear) ‘Possessor Ascension and Syntactic Levels in Southern Tiwa.’Google Scholar
  4. Allen, Barbara J. and Donna B. Gardiner (1977) ‘Noun Incorporation in Isleta,’ Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota, Vol. 21.Google Scholar
  5. Anderson, John M. (1971) The Grammar of Case, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London, New York, and Melbourne.Google Scholar
  6. Anderson, John M. (1977) On Case Grammar, Croom Helm, London and Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, N.J.Google Scholar
  7. Andrews, Avery D. (1971) ‘Case Agreement of Predicate Modifiers in Ancient Greek,’ Linguistic Inquiry 2, 127–151.Google Scholar
  8. Andrews, Avery D. (this volume) ‘Long Distance Agreement in Icelandic.’Google Scholar
  9. Bell, Sarah J. (1974) ‘Two Consequences of Advancement Rules in Cebuano,’ Papers from the Google Scholar
  10. Fifth Annual Meeting of the North Eastern Linguistic Society (Harvard University, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  11. Bell, Sarah J. (1976) Cebuano Subjects in Two Frameworks, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, MIT. Available from Indiana University Linguistics Club.Google Scholar
  12. Bell, Sarah J. (to appear) ‘Advancements and Ascensions in Cebuano,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  13. Brame, Michael K. (1978) Base-Generated Syntax, Noit Amrofer, Seattle.Google Scholar
  14. Brame, Michael K. (1980) ‘Realistic Grammar,’ in Michael K. Brame, Essays toward Realistic Syntax, Noit Amrofer, Seattle.Google Scholar
  15. Bresnan, Joan (1978) ‘A Realistic Transformational Grammar,’ in Morris Halle, Joan Bresnan, and George A. Miller (eds.) Linguistic Theory and Psychological Reality, MIT Press, Cambridge and London.Google Scholar
  16. Chomsky, Noam (1957) Syntactic Structures, Mouton and Co., The Hague.Google Scholar
  17. Chomsky, Noam (1965) Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, MIT Press, Cambridge and London.Google Scholar
  18. Chomsky, Noam (1977) ‘On WH-Movement,’ in Culicover, Wasow, and Akmajian (eds.) (1977).Google Scholar
  19. Chvany, Catherine (1975) On the Syntax of BE-Sentences in Russian, Slavica Publishers, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  20. Cole, Peter and Jerrold M. Sadock (eds.) (1977) Syntax and Semantics 8: Grammatical Relations, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London.Google Scholar
  21. Culicover, Peter W., Thomas Wasow, and Adrian Akmajian (eds.) (1977) Formal Syntax, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London.Google Scholar
  22. Davies, William D. (1980) ‘Inversion in Choctaw,’ Unpublished paper, University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
  23. Davies, William (1981) ‘Choctaw Subjects and Multiple Levels of Syntax,’ in Hoekstra, van der Hulst, and Moortgat J (eds.) (1981).Google Scholar
  24. Davies, William D. (to appear) ‘Antipassive: Choctaw Evidence for a Universal Characterization,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  25. Dik, Simon (1978) Functional Grammar, North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford.Google Scholar
  26. Dik, Simon (1980) ‘Seventeen Sentences: Basic Principles and Application of Functional Grammar,’ in Moravesik and Wirth (eds.) (1980).Google Scholar
  27. Fillmore, Charles J. (1968) ‘The Case for Case,’ in Emmon Bach and Robert T. Harms (eds.) Universals in Linguistic Theory, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Fillmore, Charles J. (1977) ‘The Case for Case Reopened,’ in Cole J and Sadock J (eds.) (1977).Google Scholar
  29. Foley, William A. and Robert D. Van Valin (1977) ‘On the Viability of the Notion of “Subject” in Universal Grammar,’ Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley).Google Scholar
  30. Gazdar, Gerald (this volume) ‘Phrase Structure Grammar.’Google Scholar
  31. Gerdts, Donna (1980) ‘Causal-to-Object Advancement in Halkomelem,’ Papers from the Sixteenth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (University of Chicago, Chicago).Google Scholar
  32. Hale, Kenneth, La Verne Masayesva Jeanne, and Paul Platero (1977) ‘Three Cases of Overgeneration,’ in Culicover, Wasow, and Akmajian J (eds.) (1977).Google Scholar
  33. Harris, Alice C. (1976) Grammatical Relations in Modern Georgian, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  34. Harris, Alice C. (1978) ‘Number Agreement in Modern Georgian,’ International Review of Slavic Linguistics 3, 75–98 (The Classification of Grammatical Categories, ed. by Bernard Comrie).Google Scholar
  35. Harris, Alice C. (1981) Georgian Syntax: A Study in Relational Grammar, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London, New York, and Melbourne.Google Scholar
  36. Harris, Alice C. (to appear a) ‘Case Marking, Verb Agreement, and Inversion in Udi,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  37. Harris, Alice C. (to appear b) ‘Inversion as a Rule of Universal Grammar: Georgian Evidence,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  38. Hoekstra, Teun, Harry van der Hulst, and Michael Moortgat (eds.) (1981) Perspectives on Functional Grammar, Foris Publications, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  39. Hubbard, Philip L. (1979) ‘Albanian Neapolitan Morphology: Passive, Multi-Attachment, and the Unaccusative Hypothesis,’ Linguistic Notes from La Jolla, No. 6 (University of California, San Diego).Google Scholar
  40. Hubbard, Philip L. (1980) The Syntax of the Albanian Verb Complex (Doctoral dissertation, University of California, San Diego).Google Scholar
  41. Johnson, David E. (1977) ‘On Keenan’s Definition of “Subject of,”’ Linguistic Inquiry 8, 673–692.Google Scholar
  42. Johnson, David E. (1979) Toward a Relationally-Based Theory of Grammar, Garland Publishing Co., New York.Google Scholar
  43. Kac, Michael (1978) Corepresentation of Grammatical Structure, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  44. Kac, Michael (1980) ‘Corepresentational Grammar,’ in Moravcsik and Wirth (1980).Google Scholar
  45. Keenan, Edward L. (1976) Towards a Universal Definition of “Subject,”’ in Li (1976).Google Scholar
  46. Klenin, Emily R. (1974) Russian Reflexive Pronouns and the Semantic Roles of Noun Phrases in Sentences, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Princeton University, Princeton.Google Scholar
  47. Klokeid, Terry J. (1980) ‘On Defining Grammatical Relations in Wakashan Languages.’ Presented at annual meeting of the Canadian Linguistic Association, Montreal, June 1980.Google Scholar
  48. Klokeid, Terry J. (to appear) ‘Multiple Levels in Syntax: Evidence from Nitinaht.’Google Scholar
  49. Lawler, John M. (1977) ‘A Agrees with B in Achenese: A Problem for Relational Grammar,’ in Cole and Sadock (eds.) (1977).Google Scholar
  50. Li, Charles N. (ed.) (1976) Subject and Topic, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London.Google Scholar
  51. Marlett, Stephen A. (to appear) ‘Personal and Impersonal Passives in Seri,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  52. McCawley, Noriko (1976) ‘Reflexivization: A Transformational Approach,’ in Masayoshi Shibatani (ed.) Syntax and Semantics 5: Japanese Generative Grammar, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  53. Moravcsik, Edith and Jessica Wirth (eds.) (1980) Syntax and Semantics 13; Current Approaches to Syntax, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London.Google Scholar
  54. Özkaragöz, Inci (1980) ‘Evidence from Turkish for the Unaccusative Hypothesis,’ Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley).Google Scholar
  55. Perlmutter, David M. (1978a) ‘Impersonal Passives and the Unaccusative Hypothesis,’ Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley).Google Scholar
  56. Perlmutter, David M. (1978b) ‘Emprical Evidence Distinguishing Some Current Approaches to Syntax,’ Colloquium lecture presented at the annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, Boston.Google Scholar
  57. Perlmutter, David M. (1979) ‘Working Is and Inversion in Italian, Japanese, and Quechua,’ Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley)Google Scholar
  58. Perlmutter, David M. (1980) ‘Relational Grammar,’ in Moravcsik and Wirth (eds.) (1980).Google Scholar
  59. Perlmutter, David M. (1981) ‘Functional Grammar and Relational Grammar: Points of Convergence and Divergence,’ in Hoekstra, van der Hulst, and Moortgat (eds.) (1981).Google Scholar
  60. Perlmutter, David M. (ed.) (to appear a) Studies in Relational Grammar, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  61. Perlmutter, David M. (to appear b) ‘Evidence for Inversion in Russian and Kannada,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  62. Perlmutter, David M. (to appear c) ‘Grammatical Relations as Primitives of Linguistic Theory.’Google Scholar
  63. Perlmutter, David M. (to appear d) ‘The Inadequacy of Some Monostratal Theories of Passivization,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  64. Perlmutter, David M. (to appear e) ‘Possessor Ascension and Some Relational Laws.’Google Scholar
  65. Perlmutter, David M. (in preparation) ‘Multiattachment and the Unaccusative Hypothesis: The Perfect Auxiliary in Italian.’Google Scholar
  66. Perlmutter, David M, and Paul M. Postal (1974) Lectures on Relational Grammar, Summer Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.Google Scholar
  67. Perlmutter, David M. and Paul M. Postal (1977) ‘Toward a Universal Characterization of Passivization,’ Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley).Google Scholar
  68. Perlmutter, David M. and Paul M. Postal (to appear a) ‘Some Proposed Laws of Basic Clause Structure,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  69. Perlmutter, David M. and Paul M. Postal (to appear b) The 1-Advancement Exclusiveness Law,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  70. Perlmutter, David M. and Paul M. Postal (to appear c) ‘Impersonal Passives and Some Relational Laws,’ in Perlmutter (ed.) (to appear a).Google Scholar
  71. Peskovskij, Aleksandr M. (1956) Russkij sintaksis v naunom osvesčěnii, Gosudarstvennoe učebno-pedagogičeskoe izdatel’stvo Ministerstva Prosveščenija RSFSR, Moskva.Google Scholar
  72. Postal, Paul M. (1977) ‘Antipassive in French,’ Lingvisticæ Investigationes 1, 333–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Postal, Paul M. (this volume) ‘Some Arc Pair Grammar Descriptions.’Google Scholar
  74. Raposo, Eduardo (in preparation) The Interaction of Clause Union and SE-Reflexivization in Romance.’Google Scholar
  75. Rosen, Carol (1981) The Relational Structure of Reflexive Clauses: Evidence from Italian. (Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University).Google Scholar
  76. Schachter, Paul (1976) ‘The Subject in Philippine Languages: Topic, Actor, Actor-Topic, or None of the Above?’ in Li (ed.) (1976).Google Scholar
  77. Schachter, Paul (1977) ‘Reference-Related and Role-Related Properties of Subjects,’ in Cole J and Sadock J (eds.) (1977).Google Scholar
  78. Steele, Susan (1977) ‘On Being Possessed,’ Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (University of California, Berkeley).Google Scholar
  79. Timberlake, Alan (1979) ‘Reflexivization and the Cycle in Russian,’ Linguistic Inquiry 10, 109–141.Google Scholar
  80. Timberlake, Alan (to appear) ‘Oblique Control of Russian Reflexivization,’ in Catherine Chvany (ed.) Studies in Slavic Syntax.Google Scholar
  81. Tohsaku, Yasu-Hiko (in preparation) ‘Impersonal Passives in Ainu.’Google Scholar
  82. Tucker, A. N. and J. Tompo Ole Mpaayei (1955) A Maasai Grammar, Longmans Green and Co., London.Google Scholar
  83. Van Valin, Robert D. (1977) ‘Ergativity and the Universality of Subjects,’ Papers from the Thirteenth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (University of Chicago, Chicago).Google Scholar
  84. Van Valin, Robert D. and William A. Foley (1980) ‘Role and Reference Grammar,’ in Moravcsik J and Wirth J (eds.) (1980).Google Scholar
  85. Williamson, Janis (1979) ‘Patient Marking in Lakhota and the Unaccusative Hypothesis,’ Papers from the Fifteenth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (University of Chicago, Chicago).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. Perlmutter
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations