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Secularism and Religion in China: The Problem of Transcendence

  • Donald E. MacInnis
Chapter
Part of the Boston College Studies in Philosophy book series (MNPL, volume 9)

Abstract

During the Cultural Revolution one could believe that China was the most secular country in the world, while at the same time a powerful “transcendent” spirit seemed to be sweeping the nation,particularly the youth, uniting them in commitment and self-sacrifice toward ultimate goals beyond their generation. Now the current session of the National People’s Congress has formalized a reversal of overall policy which appears to negate the human-centered, egalitarian goals of the Cultural Revolution, posing this question: Where is the transcendent dimension, the experience of being and reality beyond self and collective, in the socialism- plus-profit-incentive of the planned economy of the “four modernizations”?

Keywords

Cultural Revolution Party Member Marxist Theory Transcendent Dimension Revolutionary Struggle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Footnotes

  1. 1.
    New York Times, August 31 and September 4, 1980Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    New York Times, September 6, 1980Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Spae, Church and China: Towards Reconciliation? Chicago Institute of Theology and Culture, 1980, p. 52Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Frequently citedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mao Zedong, “On Coalition Government,” Selected Works III,p. 306Google Scholar
  6. 6.
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  7. 7.
    Ren Jiyu, “The struggle to Develop a Marxist Science of Religion,” in Zhexueyanjiu No. 4, 1979, in IDOC No. 12, December 1979Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu Shaochi, How to Be a Good Communist, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 1949, p. 1Google Scholar
  9. 9.
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  10. 10.
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  11. 11.
    Andre Malraux, Anti-Memoirs, New York, Bantam, 1970, pp. 465–66Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu Shaochi, op. cit.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Unpublished reportGoogle Scholar
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  15. 15.
    Unpublished reportGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Robert Bellah, “Transcendence in Contemporary Piety” in Beyond Belief: Essays on Religion in a Post-Traditional World, New York, Harper & Row, 1970, p. 200.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ibid, p. 203Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Zilboorg, “Fear of Death” in Psychoanalytic Quarterly; in E. Becker, the Denial of Death, p. 16Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mao Zedong, “Serve the People,” Selected Works III p. 228Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F.J. Streng, Emptiness—A study of Religious Meaning, Nashville, Abingdon, 1961, p. 17Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Robert J. Lifton, Revolutionary Immortality, Westminster, Random House, 1968Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague, Boston, London 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. MacInnis

There are no affiliations available

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