There are a few etymologies that may be referred to for what they may be worth (that is, we assume that Plato is sympathetic to them): first, man (anthrōpos) consists of soul and body, and the soul, when in the body, is the cause of life and gives power of breath and revival (anapsychon), and when this reviving power fails (ekleipontos) the body perishes and dies. Second, the soul holds (echei) and carries (ochei) the nature of body in general so that it lives and moves. Also it and reason are, as Anaxagoras holds, the ordering and containing (echousan) principle of the nature of everything else. The name “physechē” or “psychē” seems apt for such a power (dynamis) (399d–400b).
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