Simu — An Interactive Computer Graphics Simulation of Human Gait

  • R. P. Wells
  • D. A. Winter
  • S. Onyshko
Part of the Developments in Biomechanics book series (DEBI, volume 1)

Abstract

Human gait requires the coordinated action of muscles surrounding the joints to provide translations of the body through space. A large body of literature exist on the analysis of gait reporting net joint moments and even muscle force through the application of an experimental or a hypothesized organizational scheme. A much smaller number of workers have approached gait as a direct dynamic problem which involves determining the motion resulting from some given inputs, e.g. (1)(4). Many of these approaches have used overly simplified models or constrained some aspect of the resulting motion, e.g. motion of the trunk will be sinusoidal. With a small number of exceptions these investigations have concerned themselves with airbourne activities. Recent publications (2)(3) have, however, reported preliminary results for models including ground contact phases.

Keywords

Torque Cond 

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References

  1. 1.
    Boysen, J.P., Francis, P. and Thomas, R.A. 1977. Interactive Computer Graphics in the Study of Human Body Planar Motion Under Free Fall Conditions. J. Biomechanics, Vol. 10, pp. 783–787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hatze, H. 1981. A Comprehensive Model for Human Motion Simulation and its Application to the Take-off Phase of the Long Jump. J. Biomechanics, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 135–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Onyshko, S. and Winter, D. 1980. A Mathematical Model for the Dynamics of Human Locomotion. J. Biomechanics, Vol. 13, pp. 31–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ramey, M.R. and Yang, A.T. 1981. A Simulation Procedure for Human Motion Studies. J. Biomechanics, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 203–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Winter, D.A. and Robertson, D.G.E. 1978. Joint Torque and Energy Patterns in Normal Gait. Biol. Cybernetics 29, pp. 137–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague, Boston, London 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. Wells
    • 1
  • D. A. Winter
    • 1
  • S. Onyshko
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WaterlooCanada

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