Fluid Balance in the Newborn

  • Eduardo Bancalari
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 5)

Abstract

The balance of fluids and electrolytes is easily disturbed in the neonate because of the anatomical and functional peculiarities of the newborn (1–2). Some of these disturbances may lead to serious complications such as intracranial hemorrhage, persistent ductus arteriosus or chronic lung disease.

Keywords

Permeability Hydration Respiration Diarrhea Dehydration 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bell, E.F., Oh, W.: Fluid and electrolyte balance in very low birth weight infants. Clin in Perinatol 6: 139, 1979Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roy, N.R., Sinclair, J.C.: Hydration of the low birth weight infant. Clin in Perinatol 2: 393, 1975Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hammarlund, K., Nilsson, G.E., Oberg, P.A., Sedin, G.: Transepidermal water loss in newborn infants. Acta Paediatr Scand 66: 553, 1977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hammarlund, K., Nilsson, G.E., Oberg, P.A., Sedin, G.: Transepidermal water loss in newborn infants. Acta Paediatr Scand 68: 371, 1979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    Wu, P.Y.K., Hodgman, J.E.: Insensible water loss in preterm infants: Changes with postnatal development and nonionizing radiant energy. Pediatrics 54: 704, 1974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 5.
    Fanaroff, A.A., Wald, M., Gruber, H., et al.; Insensible water loss in low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 50: 236, 1972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 6.
    Bell, E.F., Weinstein, M.R., Oh, W.: Heat balance in premature infants: Comparative effects of convectively heated incubators and radiant warmer, with and without plastic heat shield. J Pediatr. 96: 460, 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 7.
    Marks, K.H., Gunther, R.C., Rossi, J.A., Maisels, J.: Oxygen consumption and insensible water loss in premature infants under radiant heater. Pediatrics 66: 228, 1980PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    Bell, E.F., Warburton, D., Stonestreet, B.S., et al.: Effects of fluid administration on the development of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus and congestive heart failure in premature infants. N Engl J Med 302: 598, 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    Brown, E.R., Stark, A., Sosenko, I., et al.: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Possible relationship to pulmonary edema. J Pediatr 92: 982, 1978PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publisher, The Hague 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Bancalari

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations