Factors Affecting Resistance to Root Rot and Wilt Diseases

  • G. A. Salt
Part of the World Crops: Production, Utilization, and Description book series (WCPU, volume 6)


Root rot and wilt limit yields of faba beans in many parts of the world. It is important to recognise them as separate diseases, especially in breeding or selecting for resistance. But this can be difficult because some of the most obvious symptoms are similar to both, viz. reduced growth and yield, pale dull leaves turning black from the margins inwards, wilting and premature death. The characteristic symptom of root rot is a black rot of the root cortex. Wilting may occur when damage to the roots has become extensive but, more usually, the plant reduces its demand for water by shedding leaves and flowers and allowing pods to dry prematurely. By contrast, true wilt is a disease of the vascular system and when wilting occurs, there may be no visible damage to the root cortex. However, root rot usually develops sooner or later.


Fusarium Oxysporum Faba Bean Fusarium Wilt Broad Bean Wilt Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abdel Rehim, M. A., Michail, S.M., Hashim, M. 1968. On the control of infection of Vicia faba by Fusarium oxysporum, f. fabae through the application of beta-alanine. Flora, Jena, Abt. A. 159, 135–140.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A1’Zhanov, Zh. Sh. 1964. Diseases of Broad Bean in the Tselinograd district. Vest. sel.khoz., Nauki, Almo-Ata, 7, 29–31. English summary in Review of Applied Mycology 44, 2002.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Armstrong, G.M., Armstrong, J.K. 1948. Nonsusceptible hosts as carriers of wilt Fusaria Phytopathology 38, 808–826.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bardner, R., Fletcher, K.E. 1979. Larvae of the pea and bean weevil Sitona lineatus and yield of field beans. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 92, 109–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beaute, M.K., Lockwood, J.L. 1968. Mechanism of increased root rot in virus-infected peas. Phytopathology 58, 1643–1651.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bojarczuk, M., Brodowska, A., Bojarczuk, J. 1972. Study of fusariosis of broad bean, Vicia faba Hodowla Roslin Aklematyzacja & Nasiennictivo 16, 293–304. Ref. RAM 52, 2077.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Corbett, D.C.M., Webb, R.M. 1974, Root-lesion nematodes. Rothamsted Report for 1974, Pt. 1, 182.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Coulombe, L.J. 1957. Fusarium wilt of broad beans. (Le fletrissement fusarium des Gourganes). Rep. Quebec Soc, Prot. P1. 38 (1956) 26–33. English summary in Review of Applied Mycology 37. 434.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Coulombe, L.J. 1961. Control of Fusarium wilt of broad bean, Fusarium oxysporum, f. fabae Canadian Plant Disease Survey 41, 191–193.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dunin, M.S. 1962. Methods of protecting fodder beans from diseases. Izvestiya, Timiryazev Sel, Akad. 1962, 11–31. English summary in Review of Applied Mycology 42. 64.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dunin, M.S., Abdel Rehim, M.A., Vinitskaya, O.P. 1966, Serological correlations between broad bean and the casual agent of Fusarium wilt. Sel. Khoz. Biol. 1, 265–276. Ref. in Review of Applied Mycology, 46, 1800.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Farley, J.D., Lockwood, J.L. 1964. Increased susceptibility to root rots in virus-infected peas. Phytopathology 54, 1279–1280Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Freigoun, S.O. 1980. Effect of sowing date and watering interval on the incidence of wilt and root rot diseases in faba bean. FABIS 2 41.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hashem, M., Abdel Rehim, M.A. 1967. The possible role of amino-acids in resistance of plants to fungal infection. Flora Jena Abt, A. 158, 265–267.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hashem, M. 1969. The mechanism of resistance of some varieties of Vicia faba towards infection with Fusarium oxysporum,f. fabae Flora Jena Abt. A. 160, 164–168.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hill, R.R.J., Newton, R.C., Zeiders, K.E., Elgin, J.H. 1969. Relationship of the clover-root curculio, Fusarium wilt and bacterial wilt in alfalfa, Crop Science 9, 327–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hooper, D.J. 1978. Stem nematode (Ditylenchus dipsaci). Rothamsted Report for 1977, Pt. 1. 179–180.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ibrahim, I.A., Abdel Rehim, M.A. 1965. Fusarium root rot and wilt on horse bean (Vicia faba var equina) in U.A.R. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research 13, 415–426.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ibrahim, G., Hussein, M.M. 1974. A new record of root rot of broad bean (Vicia faba) from the Sudan. Journal of Agricultural Science 83, 381–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ikata, S. 1951. The disease of food crops No. 1. Rice plants and beans. Asakura Shoten Tokyo. In Japanese. English summary in Review of Applied Mycology 31, 458(1952).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kadow, K.J., Jones, L.K. 1932. Fusarium wilt of peas with special reference to dissemination. Washington Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin 272.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kilpatrick, R.A. 1961. Fungi associated with larvae of Sitona spp. Phytopathology 51 640–641.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kiselev, A. 1976. Inheritance of resistance in broad bean to Fusarium wilt. Trudy Tul’ skoi S. -Kh. Op. Stantsii (1976) 182–186. English summary in Review of Plant Pathology, 57, 1908.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kiyoshi Kogure 1979. Broad beans in Japan: origin and development. FABIS 1, 11–14.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Leath, K.T., Lukezic, F.L., Crittenden, H.W., Elliott, E.S., Halisky, P.M., Howard, F.L., Ostazeski, S.A, 1971. The Fusarium root rot complex of selected forage legumes in the Northeast, Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture, Bulletin 777.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Linford, M.B. 1928. A Fusarium wilt of peas in Wisconsin, Wisconsin Agricultural Experimental Station Research Bulletin 85.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    McEwen, J., Bardner, R., Briggs, G.C., Bromilow, R.H., Cockbain, A.J., Day, J.M., Fletcher, ICE., Legg, B.J., Roughley, R.J., Salt, G.A., Simpson, H.R., Webb, R.M., Witt, J.F., Yeoman, D.P. 1980. The effects of irrigation, nitrogen fertiliser and the control of pests and pathogens on spring-sown field beans (Vicia faba L.) and residual effects on two following winter wheat crops. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 96. 129–150.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    O’Rourke, C.J., Millar, R.L. 1966. Root rot and root microflora of alfalfa as affected by potassium nutrition, frequency of cutting and leaf infection. Phytopathology 56, 1040–1046.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Patil, P.L. 1974. Interaction of fungal and virus infections in white lupine (L. albus). Research Journal Mahatina Phale Agricultural University 4, 118–122. From abstract in Review of Plant Pathology 53, 4491.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Powell, N.T. 1971. Interactions between nematodes and fungi on disease complexes. Annual Review of Phytopathology 9, 253–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Salt, G.A., Cockbain, A.J. 1978, Susceptibility of lupins to Fusarium increased by virus infection. Rothamsted Report for 1977, Pt. 1. 220.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Schneider Roswhita, Dachow, J. 1975. Fusarium inflexum sp. nov, als erreger einer Welkekrankheit an Vicia faba in Deutschland Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 82, 70–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tomaszwwski, Z., Furgal, H. 1979. The assessment of the degree of resistance in broad bean (Vicia faba minor, Beck) to ascochytosis and fusariosis under laboratory-glasshouse conditions. Institute of Plant Breeding & Seed Production, Olsztyn, Poland. Abstract in Review of Plant Pathology 58, 5619.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yamamoto, W., Oyasu, N., Takigawa, K. 1955. Studies on the wilt disease of broad bean. 1. Sci. Rep. Hyogo Univ. Agric., 2 53–62, 1955. English summary in Review of Applied Mycology 37, 129.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yu, T.F. 1944. Fusarium diseases of broad bean. 1, A wilt of broad bean caused by F. avenaceum var. fabae, n. var. Phytopathology 34, 385–393.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yu, T.F., Fang, C.T. 1948a. Fusarium diseases of broad bean. II. Further studies on broad bean wilt caused by F. avenaceum var. fabae. Phytopathology 38, 331–342.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yu, T.F., Fang, C.T. 1948b. Fusarium diseases of broad bean. III. Root rot and wilt of broad beans caused by two new forms of Fusarium, Phytopathology 38, 587–594.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICARDA 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Salt
    • 1
  1. 1.Rothamsted Experimental StationHarpenden, HertsUK

Personalised recommendations