Tolerance to Salinity

  • K. Caesar
  • G. Rusitzka
Part of the World Crops: Production, Utilization, and Description book series (WCPU, volume 6)

Abstract

Salinity adversely affects the growth and yield of most agricultural crops in arid, semiarid and salt-affected regions. Highly soluble salts in the root zone cause physiological scarcity of water to plants by raising the osmotic pressure in the soil solution. The availability of water may then become so critically low that yields are reduced. Besides the reduced availability of soil water, there might be an altered availability of nutrients, due to ion-antagonism in the root zone, as well as altered physical properties of soil, restricting water movement or reducing root penetration. There may also be direct toxicity (6).

Keywords

Sugar Toxicity Respiration CaCl Photosynthesis 

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Copyright information

© ICARDA 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Caesar
    • 1
  • G. Rusitzka
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Crop ScienceTechnical University of BerlinGermany

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