Planning Responses to Development in the Netherlands and England
This Chapter introduces the most important themes around which our comparative conclusions are structured. It concentrates on the formal side of planning procedures by drawing out certain points from the material contained in Part I. But it does so with an awareness of the actual operation of the planning systems in the two countries generated by the case study material contained in Part II. This awareness has resulted in reformulations of our initial concepts. Promotion and control of development both involve commitment. Decisions entailing commitment will be described as operational In this way, the development process may be viewed as a stream of operational decisions, both public and private. Local authorities are under an obligation to pay regard to the broader implications of their operational decisions. They must pursue policies. The planning process is aimed at policy decisions. A good fit between the planning and the development process, between policy decision and operational decisions, will be shown to be a major issue in our comparison.
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- J.K. Friend, The dynamics of policy adjustments, interim paper, institute for Operational Research London, 1974 ).Google Scholar