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Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) as a Phenomenologist

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Chapter
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Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 5/6)

Abstract

In the fifties and sixties the name of Martin Heidegger overshadowed the scene not only of German but also of Continental and Spanish-American philosophy. This very fact implies an enigma, at least to the Anglo-American world. What can account for the fascination with a thinker of Heidegger’s type? Certainly not the volume of his initial publications. Besides, his largest work, Sein und Zeit, was and will remain a torso. Yet it confronts its reader with a language and a style of thinking more demanding, if not actually forbidding, than most other philosophy, present or past. And while some of the circumstances surrounding Heidegger’s way of life were highly unconventional compared with those of the typical German university philosopher, neither his personality nor his appearence was sufficient to account for his impact on the academic and non-academic world.

Keywords

Human Existence Transcendental Phenomenology Transcendental Idealism Hermeneutic Phenomenology Existential Possibility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. Die Kategorien- und Bedeutungslehre des Duns Scotus (1916); reprinted in Frühe Schriften (1972).Google Scholar
  2. Sein und Zeit. Erste Hälfte (1927). Translation by John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (1962), almost overconscientious in handling a nearly impossible task. Helpful notes, although relegating Heidegger’s own to an Appendix, glossary of German terms, index of English expressions and proper names missing in the German original.Google Scholar
  3. Was ist Metaphysik? (1929); Nachwort 1944, Einleitung 1951. Translation by R. F. C. Hull and A. Crick in Werner Brock, Existence and Being (1949), of the Einleitung by Walter Kaufmann in his Existentialism from Dostoevski to Sartre (1957).Google Scholar
  4. “Vom Wesen des Grundes” in Festschrift für E. Husserl (1929). Translation by Terrence Malick. Bilingual edition (1969).Google Scholar
  5. Kant und das Problem der Metaphysik (1929). Translation by J. S. Churchill (1962).Google Scholar
  6. Vom Wesen der Wahrheit (1943). Translation by R. F. C. Hull and A. Crick in Werner Brock, Existence and Being (1949).Google Scholar
  7. Brief über den Humanismus (1949). Translation by W. Lohner in W. Barrett and H. Aiken ed., 20th Century Philosophy III (1962).Google Scholar
  8. Holzwege (1950).Google Scholar
  9. Einführung in die Metaphysik (1953). Translation by R. Manheim (1958).Google Scholar
  10. Vortrage und Aufsätze (1954).Google Scholar
  11. Was heisst Denken? (1954). Translation by F. D. Wieck and J. Glenn Gray (1968).Google Scholar
  12. Der Satz vom Grund (1957). Translation by K. Hoeller (1974).Google Scholar
  13. Identität und Differenz (1957). Translation by K. Leyendecker and J. Stambough (1960 and 1969).Google Scholar
  14. Unterwegs zur Sprache (1959). Translation by P. D. Hertz and J. Stambough (1971).Google Scholar
  15. Nietzsche. Two volumes. For translations see K. Hoeller below.Google Scholar
  16. Wegmarken (1967).Google Scholar
  17. Zur Sache des Denkens (1969). Translation by Joan Stambough (1972).Google Scholar
  18. For details about translations, especially of parts from larger works such as the Nietzsche volumes and of shorter pieces see Keith Hoeller, “Heidegger Bibliography of English Translations” JBSP 6 (1975), 206–208.Google Scholar
  19. A comprehensive edition (Gesamtausgabe), quoted here as GA, was started in 1975 at Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt, of which 57 volumes have been announced. Thus far the following volumes have appeared (out of order): 1, 2, 5, 9, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 32, 39, 55.Google Scholar
  20. GRENE, MARJORIE, Martin Heidegger. New York: Hillary, 1957. An informed, but not altogether sympathetic, brief interpretation. The connections with phenomenology are hardly mentioned.Google Scholar
  21. KING, MAGDA, Heidegger’s Philosophy. New York: Dell 1964. A concise, well organized and judicious analysis in which the relation of Heidegger’s phenomenology to Husserl’s is discussed, though without historical background.Google Scholar
  22. KOCKELMANS, JOSEPH J., Martin Heidegger, A First Introduction to His Philosophy. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1965. Unusually helpful as a first introduction to major aspects of Heidegger’s thought, especially in the earlier sections. While sketching Heidegger’s philosophical development, his phenomenology is not a major theme. No indices.Google Scholar
  23. LANGAN, THOMAS, The Meaning of Heidegger. A Critical Study of an Existentialist Phenomenology. New York: Columbia, 1959. An attempt to show the unity of Heidegger’s work, presenting him chiefly as an existentialist. The phenomenological aspect is named but not developed.Google Scholar
  24. MARX, WERNER, Heidegger und die Tradition (1961). Translation by Th. Kisiel and M. Greene (1971). An independent investigation of Heidegger’s attempt to overcome the tradition of philosophy from Aristotle to Hegel and to show its incompleteness.Google Scholar
  25. RICHARDSON, WILLIAM, J., Heidegger: Through Phenomenology to Thought. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1963. A monumental attempt, the largest at least in English, to trace the development from the Heidegger I of Sein und Zeit to the Heidegger II after the “turn” (Kehre) without abandoning their coherence. Heidegger’s prefatory letter (bilingual) in answer to the author’s questions adds special value to this work, as does the Appendix with verified information about Heidegger’s academic work and glossaries and bibliographies. While omitting Heidegger’s pre-phenomenological period, the book is particularly valuable for the analysis of the many smaller texts after the Kehre. Not always easy introductory reading because of its presuppositions and of a sustained attempt to duplicate Heidegger’s language in parallel English neologisms.Google Scholar
  26. FAY, THOMAS, A., Heidegger: The Critique of Logic. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Non-English Monographs

  1. Most recent texts, particularly helpful information also for biographical and bibliographical information.Google Scholar
  2. BIEMEL, WALTER, Martin Heidegger in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1973.Google Scholar
  3. COTTEN, JEAN-PIERRE, Heidegger. Paris: Le Seuil, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. PöGGELER, OTTO, Der Denkweg Martin Heideggers. Pfullingen: Neske, 1963.Google Scholar
  5. FEICK, HILDEGARD, Index zu Heideggers Sein und Zeit, Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1963. An important research tool, covering also other texts and including key quotations.Google Scholar
  6. MONGIS, HENRI, Heidegger et la critique de la notion de valeur. La destruction de la fondation métaphysique. Lettre-Préface de Martin Heidegger. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1976.Google Scholar

Most Complete Bibliography

  1. SASS, HANS-MARTIN, Heidegger-Bibliographie. Meisenheim: Anton Hain, 1968.Google Scholar
  2. For later items see: Sass, H. M., Materialien zur Heidegger-Bibliographie 1917–1972. Meisenheim: Anton Hain, 1975; new edition in preparation.Google Scholar
  3. IJSSELING, S., “Van en over Heidegger. Kroniek van de Heideggerliteratuur 1955–1965,” Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 25 (1965), 587–609;Google Scholar
  4. IJSSELING, S., “Van en over Heidegger. Kroniek van de Heideggerliteratuur 1955–1965,” Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 32 (1970), 721–739.Google Scholar
  5. LAPOINTE, FRANçOIS H., “Martin Heidegger: A Bibliographical Essay (1973–1978),” Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 34 (1980), 624–56.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

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  • Herbert Spiegelberg

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