Phenomenology in the Critical Ontology of Nicolai Hartmann (1882–1950)

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 5/6)


The right and the need to include Nicolai Hartmann in an account of the Phenomenological Movement, are by no means beyond dispute. His inclusion will have to be justified by his actual significance for the development of the Movement regardless of his own ambivalent relationship to it. In any event, the widespread picture of Hartmann as one of the central figures in the Phenomenological Movement badly needs revision in the light of the ascertainable facts.


Ethical Culture Phenomenological Method Metaphysical Problem Ontological Enterprise Metaphysical Part 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. Piatos Logik des Seins (1909).Google Scholar
  2. Grundzüge einer Metaphysik der Erkenntnis (1921). Translation: French (1947) by R. Vancourt.Google Scholar
  3. Ethik (1926). Translation: English (1932) by Stanton Coit — good, except for some technical terms.Google Scholar
  4. Das Problem des geistigen Seins (1933).Google Scholar
  5. Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie (1935).Google Scholar
  6. Systematische Philosophie in eigener Darstellung (1935).Google Scholar
  7. Möglichkeit und Wirklichkeit (1938).Google Scholar
  8. Der Aufbau der realen Welt. Grundlegung der allgemeinen Kategorienlehre (1940).Google Scholar
  9. Neue Wege der Ontologie (1949). Translation: English (1953) by R. C. Kuhn — good; some chapter titles oversimplified.Google Scholar
  10. Philosophie der Natur. Abriss der speziellen Kategorienlehre (1950).Google Scholar
  11. Article “Hartmann, Nicolai,” in Ziegenfuss, Werner, Philosophenlexikon (1949).Google Scholar

Posthumously published

  1. Teleologisches Denken (1951).Google Scholar
  2. Ästhetik, edited by Frida Hartmann (1953).Google Scholar

Monographs in German

  1. HEIMSOETH, HEINZ and HEISS, ROBERT, eds., Nicolai Hart mann. Der Denker und sein Werk (1952).Google Scholar

Articles in English

  1. BECK, LEWIS W., “Nicolai Hartmann’s Criticism of Kant’s Theory of Knowledge,” PPR II (1942), 472–500.Google Scholar
  2. COLLINS, JAMES, “The Neo-Scholastic Critique of Nicolai Hartmann,” PPR VI (1945), 109–32.Google Scholar
  3. CREEGAN, R. F., “Hartmann’s Apriorism,” Philosophical Review L (1941), 528–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. EATON, HOWARD, O., “The Unity of Axiological Ethics,” International Journal of Ethics XLIII (1932), 23–36.Google Scholar
  5. GARNETT, A. C., “Phenomenological Ethics and Self-realization,” Ethics LIII (1943), 159–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. GIBSON, W. R. BOYCE, “The Ethics of Nicolai Hartmann,” The Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy XI (1933), 12–28;Google Scholar
  7. GIBSON, W. R. BOYCE, “The Ethics of Nicolai Hartmann,” The Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy XII (1934), 33–61;Google Scholar
  8. GIBSON, W. R. BOYCE, “The Ethics of Nicolai Hartmann,” The Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy XIII (1935), 1–23.Google Scholar
  9. HAZELTON, R., “On Hartmann’s Doctrine of Values as Essences,” Philosophical Review XLVIII (1939), 621–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. HEISS, ROBERT, “Nicolai Hartmann: A Personal Sketch”, The Personalist 42 (1961), 469–86; translated from Heimsoeth H. and Heiss, R., ed. (1952).Google Scholar
  11. HOOK, SIDNEY, “A Critique of Ethical Realism,” International Journal of Ethics XL (1929), 179–210.Google Scholar
  12. JAMES, SR. HELEN, “Nicolai Hartmann’s Study of Human Personality,” The New Scholasticism 34 (1960), 204–33.Google Scholar
  13. JENSEN, O. C., “Nicolai Hartmann’s Theory of Virtue,” Ethics LII (1942), 463–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. LANDMANN, MICHAEL, “Professor Nicolai Hartmann and Phenomenology,” PPR III (1944), 393–423.Google Scholar
  15. MOHANTY, J. N., “Remarks on Nicolai Hartmann’s Modal Doctrine,” Kant-Studien 54 (1963), 181–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. OAKELY, H. D., “Nicolai Hartmann’s Concept of Objective Spirit,” Mind XLIV (1931), 39–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. RAMSEY, K. V., “Theism and the Ethics of Nicolai Hartmann,” Church Quarterly Review CXIX (1935), 208–25.Google Scholar
  18. SCHAPER, EVA, “The Aesthetics of Hartmann and Bense,” Review of Metaphysics 10 (1956), 289–307.Google Scholar
  19. SCHILPP, P. A., “Is Standpointless Ethics Possible?” Philosophical Review XLIV (1935), 227–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. SCHLARETZKI, W. E., “Ethics and Metaphysics in Hartmann,” Ethics LIV (1943), 273–82Google Scholar
  21. SMITH, JOHN E., “Hartmann’s New Ontology,” Review of Metaphysics VII (1952), 583–601.Google Scholar
  22. WALKER, M. G., “Perry and Hartmann: Antithetical or Complementary?” Ethics XLIX (1938), 37–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Studies in English

  1. MOHANTY, J. N., Nicolai Hartmann and A. N. Whitehead. A Study in Recent Platonism. Calcutta, 1957.Google Scholar
  2. SAMUEL, OTTO, A Foundation of Ontology. A Critical Analysis of Nicolai Hartmann (1954).Google Scholar

Most Comprehensive Bibliographies

  1. BALLAUF, THEODOR in Heimsoeth H. and Heiss, R., eds., Nicolai Hartmann, pp. 286–308.Google Scholar
  2. WIRTH, INGEBORG, Realismus und Apriorismus in Nicolai Hartmanns Erkenntnistheorie. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1965, pp. 141–48, for publications after 1952.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Spiegelberg

There are no affiliations available

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