The Pure Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl (1859–1938)

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 5/6)


Phenomenology is not confined to Edmund Husserl’s philosophy. That it comprises more is one of the main points I want to establish in this book. It would not even be correct to say that all of Edmund Husserl’s own philosophy is phenomenology. For it was not until Husserl had nearly reached the age of forty that his philosophical thinking matured into his conception of phenomenology. Nevertheless, it remains true that the central figure in the development of the Phenomenological Movement was, and still is, Edmund Husserl. Hence a discussion of his phenomenology will have to be the center of this history of the Movement.


Intentional Object Transcendental Phenomenology Phenomenological Reduction Pure Logic Cartesian Meditation 
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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. Über den Begriff der Zahl (1887).Google Scholar
  2. Philosophie der Arithmetik vol. I (1891), Husserliana XII.Google Scholar
  3. Logische Untersuchungen vol. I (1900), vol. II (1901); second revised edition in 3 vols. (1913–1921). Husserliana XVIII, correlating the two editions, with an important introduction by Elmar Holenstein. Translations: Russian (1909), Spanish (1929), French (1959), English by J. N. Findlay (1970). Husserl’s illuminating draft of a preface to the second edition, published posthumously by Eugen Fink in Tijdschrift voor Filosofle, is now available in an English translation by Philip J. Bossert and Curtis H. Peters. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. Vorlesungen zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins (1905) edited by M. Heidegger (1928); also in Husserliana X. English by J. S. Churchill (1964); some flaws.Google Scholar
  5. “Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft,” Logos I (1910), 289–314. Translations: Spanish (1951); French (1955) by Q. Lauer; English (Crosscurrents VI (1956), 227–46, 325–44) by the same translator - fair, not free from errors; Italian (1958).Google Scholar
  6. Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie vol. I (1913); posthumous edition by Walter Biemel in Husserliana III; new edition by Karl Schuhmann. Vol. II and III edited in Husserliana IV and V (1952) amended. Translations of vol. I: English (1931) by W. R. Boyce Gibson — fair, not always accurate; Spanish (1949); Italian (1950); French (1950) by Paul Ricoeur — to be recommended not only for its excellence, but for a helpful introduction and new glossary. For a condensed English account of Ideen II see PPR XIII (1953), 394–413 (Alfred Schutz). English translation of Ideen III.Google Scholar
  7. Article “Phenomenology” in Encyclopaedia Britannica (14th ed.), vol. 17, pp. 699–702 — telescoping and distorting paraphrase of the German original in Husserliana IX, 277–295; English by R. E. Palmer in JBSP II, 2, 77–90; some flaws.Google Scholar
  8. Formale und transzendentale Logik (1929), Husserliana XVII (by Paul Janssen). Translations: French (1957) by Suzanne Bachelard; English (1969) by Dorion Cairns.Google Scholar
  9. Cartesianische Meditationen (1931); published posthumously in Husserliana I (1950). Translations: French (1931, i.e., before the German original) by J. Peiffer and E. Levinas — some errors; Spanish (1942); English by Dorion Cairns (1960) mostly very faithful.Google Scholar
  10. Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie, Parts I and II (1936); all extant parts in Husserliana VI (1954) (by Walter Biemel). Translations: French (Part I and II only) in Études philosophiques IV (1949), 127–159, 229–301; English by David Carr (1970).Google Scholar

Posthumous Publications

  1. Erfahrung und Urteil. Untersuchungen zur Genealogie der Logik. Prepared byGoogle Scholar
  2. Ludwig Landgrebe (1939). English translation (Experience and Judgment) by J. S. Churchill and K. Ameriks (1973).Google Scholar
  3. Die Idee der Phänomenologie (1907) Husserliana II by Walter Biemel; English by W. Alston and G. Nakhnikian (1964); readable, some flaws.Google Scholar
  4. Erste Philosophie (1923/24) by Rudolf Boehm Husserliana VII and VIII.Google Scholar
  5. Phänomenologische Psychologie (1925) by Walter Biemel Husserliana IX.Google Scholar
  6. Analysen zur passiven Synthesis (1918–1926) by Margot Fleischer, Husserliana XI.Google Scholar
  7. Zur Phänomenologie der Intersubjektivität (1905–1935) by Iso Kern, Husserliana XIII–XV.Google Scholar
  8. Ding und Raum (1907) by Ulrich Claesges, Husserliana XVI.Google Scholar
  9. For a complete list of translations up to 1975 see Jeffner Allen in The Monist 59 (1975), 133–36.Google Scholar

Major Monographs in German and French

  1. BERGER, FASTON, Le Cogito dans la philosophie de Husserl. Paris: Aubier, 1941; English by Kathleen McLaughlen, 1972. Influential introduction with annotated contemporary bibliography.Google Scholar
  2. BOEHM, RUDOLF, Vom Gesichtspunkt der Phänomenologie. Husserl-Studien. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1968. A collection of essays about central concepts and problems in Husserl’s philosophy by one of the pioneer editors of Husserliana.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CELMS, THEODOR, Der phänomenologische Idealismus Edmund Husserls. Riga: Acta Universitatis Latviensis, 1928. A penetrating critical study by a Latvian Freiburg student of Husserl.Google Scholar
  4. FINK, EUGEN, Studien zur Phänomenologie 1930–1939. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1966. Includes three important interpretations of Husserl from the time Fink was his closest collaborator and interpreter.Google Scholar
  5. KERN, ISO, Husserl und Kant. Eine Untersuchung über Husserls Verhältnis zu Kant und zum Neukantianismus. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1964. A nearly definitive study, but not yet including the Husserl-Cassirer relationship.Google Scholar
  6. LANDGREBE, LUDWIG, Phänomenologie und Metaphysik. Hamburg: Schröder, 1949. Contains a memorial address and three important essays on major aspects of Husserl’s philosophical development.Google Scholar
  7. ROYAUMONT, CAHIERS DE, Husserl, 1957. Paris: Minuit, 1959. Major critical examinations of basic Husserlian themes by leading phenomenologists.Google Scholar
  8. VAN BREDA, H. L., ed. Problèmes actuels de la phénoménologie. Colloque de Bruxelles 1951. Paris: Desclées de Brouwer, 1952.Google Scholar
  9. VAN BREDA, H. L., ed. Husserl et la pensée moderne. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1959. Papers of the Krefeld symposium of 1956.Google Scholar
  10. VAN BREDA, H. L., ed. Husserl 1859–1959. Receuil commémoratif The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1959. Personal recollections and systematic studies. Chief primary chronological bibliography.Google Scholar

Larger Studies in English (mostly introductory)

  1. FARBER, MARVIN, The Foundation of Phenomenology, 1942; 3rd edition, New York: Greenwood Press, 1968. Contains helpful reports on Husserl’s early writings and paraphrases of the Logische Untersuchungen; critical of Husserl’s later developments.Google Scholar
  2. BARBER, MARVIN, ed. Philosophical Essays in Memory of Edmund Husserl Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1940, 2nd edition. Some expository, but mostly critical essays, often striking out in new directions.Google Scholar
  3. KOCKELMANS, JOSEPH J., A First Introduction to Husserl’s Phenomenology. Pittsburgh: Duquesne, 1967. A clear and very perceptive account of the basic concepts from a developmental perspective with informed criticisms.Google Scholar
  4. LAUER, QUENTIN, The Triumph of Subjectivity. An Introduction to Transcendental Phenomenology. New York: Fordham University Press, 1958. Mostly a condensed and slightly rearranged English version of a French book (Phénoménologie de Husserl. Essai sur la genèse de Vintentionalité. Paris, 1955), studying Husserl’s full-fledged phenomenology up to the Cartesian Meditations; some criticisms.Google Scholar

Articles in English

  1. The list added in the earlier editions of this book is omitted for reasons explained in the Preface; this also applies to Ph.D. theses. For a collection of essays devoted to Husserl see Frederick Elliston and Peter McCormick, Husserl: Expositions and Appraisalsy Notre Dame University Press, 1977,Google Scholar
  2. and also Wilhelm McKenna, Robert E. M. Harlan, Laurence Winters, eds. Apriori and World. European Contributions to Husserlian Phenomenology. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1980.Google Scholar

Comprehensive Bibliographies

  1. LAPOINTE, FRANÇOIS M., Edmund Husserl and His Critics: An International Bibliography (1894–1979). Bowling Green, Ohio: Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green State University, 1980.Google Scholar
  2. PATOĊKA, JAN, “Husserl-Bibliographie” Revue internationale de philosophie I (1939), 374–97.Google Scholar
  3. KERN, ISO and MASCHKE, GERHART, Bibliographie in Revue internationale de philosophie (1965), 153–202.Google Scholar
  4. VAN DE PITTE, M. M., “Husserl Literature 1965–1971” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 57 (1975), 36–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Spiegelberg

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