Carl Stumpf (1848–1936): Founder of Experimental Phenomenology
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The name of Carl Stumpf figures rarely, if ever, in historical accounts of phenomenology. And it is true that by no stretch of definition could Stumpf be turned into a full-fledged phenomenologist. Stumpf himself made this amply clear in his (posthumous) Erkenntnislehre, where he devoted eleven pages to a severe criticism especially of Husserl’s phenomenology. Nevertheless, there is no other philosopher or psychologist of comparable stature and position who has been so important for the spread of phenomenology in the broader sense and for putting the phenomenological approach to scientific use. Hence his significance may actually be greater than that of the Phenomenological Movement in the stricter sense, although those who transmit his impulses may not be aware of them.
KeywordsCausal Dependency Preparatory Phase Experimental Phenomenology Psychical Life Philosophical Speculation
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