Emmanuel Levinas (born 1906): Phenomenological Philosophy

  • Stephan Strasser
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 5/6)


There are philosophers whose path of thought can be described without taking account of their path of life. Edmund Husserl is the obvious case to mention. His career would have had to be characterized as typical of the German scholar and university professor unless the events of World War I and of the Nazi takeover had added tragic accents to his life. However, the decisive turns in his philosophical development took place rather independently of these historical events. In the case of Levinas things are completely different. His life is not only “entangled in stories” [using a title by Wilhelm Schapp] as is that of every human life, it is entangled in history itself, into the history of Europe in the twentieth century obsessed by passions and so rich in atrocious catastrophes. And Levinas’s path of thought cannot be understood if one completely disregards this circumstance.


Classical Phenomenology Phenomenological Movement Ontological Philosophy Ethical Resistance Transcendental Life 
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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. La théorie de l’intuition dans la phénoménologie de Husserl (1930); English translation by André Orianne (1973).Google Scholar
  2. De Invasion (1935).Google Scholar
  3. De l’existence à l’existant (1947a); English translation by Alphonso Lingis (1978).Google Scholar
  4. Le temps et l’autre (1947b); in Wahl J. (editor): “Le choix, le monde, l’existence.”Google Scholar
  5. En découvrant l’existence avec Husserl et Heidegger (1949; 2nd edition 1967; much enlarged).Google Scholar
  6. Totalité et infini. Essai sur l’extériorité (1961); English translation by Alphonso Lingis (1969).Google Scholar
  7. La trace de l’autre (1963a).Google Scholar
  8. Martin Buber und die Erkenntnistheorie (1963b).Google Scholar
  9. Difficile liberté (1963c; 2nd revised edition 1976a).Google Scholar
  10. Énigme et phénomène (1965).Google Scholar
  11. La substitution (1968a).Google Scholar
  12. Un Dieu nomme? (1968b).Google Scholar
  13. Vérité de dévoilement et vérité de témoignage (1972a).Google Scholar
  14. Humanisme de l’autre homme (1972b).Google Scholar
  15. Autrement qu’être ou au delà de l’essence (1973). English translation by Alphonso Lingis (1980). Dieu et la philosophie (1975).Google Scholar
  16. Noms propres (1976b).Google Scholar
  17. Questions et réponses (1977; quoted in the secondary literature before 1977 under the title: “Rapport de la conversation de M. le Professeur Dr, Emmanuel Levinas à Leyde le 20 mai 1975”).Google Scholar

Secondary Literature: Books and Dissertations

  1. MARTOM, G., Il desiderio dell’Altro nelpensiero di Emmanuel Levinas. Dissertation, Louvain, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. MCCOLIESTER, C.H., Emmanuel Levinas and Modern Jewish Thought. Dissertation, Louvain, 1968.Google Scholar
  3. ALVAREZ, O. G., Le sens de l’idée de création dans un monde sans Dieu — La réponse d’Emmanuel Levinas. Dissertation, Louvain, 1969.Google Scholar
  4. WYSCHOGROD, E., Emmanuel Levinas — The Problem of Ethical Metaphysics. The Hague, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. PEPERZAK, A., Het menselijk gelaat, 3rd ed., Bilthoven, 1975. (Dutch translation of some important essays with introduction and commentary. Complete and exact bibliography of Levinas’s writings until 1975.)Google Scholar
  6. TREZIAK, H., Die konkrete Intentionalitüt der Exteriorität. Untersuchungen zur Apriori-Struktur der Intersubjektivität nach E. Levinas. Dissertation, Munich, 1975.Google Scholar
  7. BOUKAERT, L., Emmanuel Levinas. Een filosefie van het gelaat. Nijmegen-Brugge, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. BOER, TH. DE, Tussen filoso fie en prof eue. De wijsbegeerte van Emmanuel Levinas.Google Scholar
  9. BAARN, 1976. (In this a bibliography of the secondary literature until 1975.)Google Scholar
  10. STRASSER, S., Jenseits von Sein und Zeit. Eine Einführung in Emmanuel Levinas’ Philosophie. The Hague, 1978. (In this a continuation of Peperzak’s Bibliography until 1977.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Strasser

There are no affiliations available

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