The Phenomenological Philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908–1961)

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 5/6)


Maurice Merleau-Ponty was the author of the first French systematic work which displays the word “phénoménologie” in its main title, the Phénoménologie de la perception. The fact in itself establishes for him an important place in the annals of the Phenomenological Movement. But even apart from that, he went further than most other French philosophers, including Sartre, in identifying phenomenology with philosophy as such. This fact would seem to require the inclusion of his entire philosophy in the present account of the French phase.


Transcendental Phenomenology Phenomenological Reduction Phenomenological Philosophy Transcendental Subjectivity Phenomenal Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. La Structure du comportement (1942) (SC). Tr. Alden Fisher as The Structure of Behavior (1963). Conscientious and readable.Google Scholar
  2. Phénoménologie de la perception (1945) (PP). Tr. Colin Smith. The addition of an index does not make up for the telescoping of the Table of Contents. For serious mistranslations see the review by A. Gurwitsch in Philosophical Review 63 (1964), 417–422.Google Scholar
  3. Humanisme et terreur (1947) (HT). Tr. J. O’Neil (1969).Google Scholar
  4. “Le Primat de la perception et ses conséquences philosophiques,” Bulletin de la société française de philosophie 41 (1947), 9–53. Tr. J. Edie in The Primacy of Perception and Other Essays (1964), 12–42.Google Scholar
  5. Sens et Non-sens (1948) (SN). Tr. H. and P. Dreyfus (1964).Google Scholar
  6. Éloge de la Philosophie (1953). Tr. J. Edie and J. Wild (1963).Google Scholar
  7. Les A ventures de la dialectique (1955). Tr. J. Bien (1973).Google Scholar
  8. Signes (1960). Tr. R. C. McCleary (1964).Google Scholar
  9. Le Visible et l’invisible, suivi de notes de travail. Texte établi par Claude Lefort (1964) (VI). Tr. A. Lingis (1968).Google Scholar


  1. BANNAN, JOHN F., The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. KWANT, R. C., The Phenomenological Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. Pittsburgh: Duquesne, 1963.Google Scholar
  3. KWANT, R. C., From Phenomenology to Metaphysics. An Inquiry into the Last Period of Merleau-Ponty’s Life. Pittsburgh, 1966. Careful, if exaggerating, study of the case for Merleau-Ponty’s abandonment of his earlier philosophy.Google Scholar
  4. LANGAN, T., Merleau-Ponty’s Critique of Reason. New Haven: Yale, 1966.Google Scholar
  5. MADISON, GARY BRANT, La Phénoménologie de Merleau-Ponty. Une recherche des limites de la conscience. Paris: Klincksieck, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. RABIL, ALBERT, Merleau-Ponty, Existentialist of the Social World. New York: Columbia, 1967.Google Scholar
  7. SPURLING, LAURIE, Phenomenology and the Social World: The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977.Google Scholar
  8. DE WAELHENS, A., Une Philosophie de l’ambiguité: L’existentialisme de M. Merleau-Ponty. Louvain, 1951.Google Scholar


  1. The Essential Writings of Merleau-Ponty, edited by Alden L. Fisher. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1969.Google Scholar

Most Comprehensive Bibliographies

  1. RABIL, A., op. cit. (1965), pp. 301–327.Google Scholar
  2. LANIGAN, RICHARD L., “Merleau-Ponty Bibliography,” Man and World III (1970), 289–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. LAPOINTE, FRANçOIS and CLAIRE C., Maurice Merleau-Ponty and His Critics: An International Bibliography (1942–1976). New York: Garland, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Spiegelberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations