Marker Proteins as a Guide in Clinical Management of Genitourinary Cancer

  • Paul H. Lange
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 6)


Most of the noninvasive methods heretofore used to detect cancer entail identification of the images or anatomic effects of masses of tumor cells. Although this anatomical approach has been improved by such methods as computed tomography (CAT), it probably still is not able to detect masses of tumor cells smaller than 109 cells [1,2]. Thus, there is a pressing need for better methods of detecting cancer, not only for earlier diagnosis of tumors or recurrences but also for staging and judging the response to treatment. This necessarily has stimulated a search for molecular probes; that is, tumor markers.


Renal Cell Carcinoma Tumor Marker Transitional Cell Carcinoma Testicular Cancer Testicular Tumor 
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague / Boston / London 1982

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  • Paul H. Lange

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