Changes in the relative abundance of Polyarthra vulgaris and P. dolichoptera, following the elimination of fish

  • Jan A. E. Stenson
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 14)


Two rotifers, Polyarthra vulgaris and P. dolichoptera may have different temperature and oxygen optima. In addition, they consume similar foods including Chryptomonadales and Crysomonadales. P. dolichoptera disappeared from the plankton after experimental elimination of fish from a small lake. The disappearance may have been caused by a change in temporal availability of suitable food species (e.g. crysomonads) during early spring. A lack of food during this period, when the water was still cold, may have influenced the competitive balance between the two Polyarthra species.


rotifers feeding diet competition niche displacement field experiment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adalsteinsson, H., 1979. Zooplankton and its relation to available food in Lake Mývatn. Oikos 32: 162–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amren, H., 1964. Ecological and taxonomical studies on zooplankton from Spitsbergen. Zool. Bidr. Upps. 36: 207–276.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, R. S., 1970. Effects of rotenone on Zooplankton and a study of their recovery patterns in two mountain lakes in Alberta. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 27: 1335–1356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buikema, A. L. Jr., Miller, J. D. & Yongue, W. H. Jr., 1978. Effects of algae and protozoans on the dynamics of Polyarthra vulgaris. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 20: 2395–2399.Google Scholar
  5. Carlin, B., 1943. Die Planktonrotatorien des Motalaström. Zur Taxonomie und Ökologie der Planktonrotatorien. Medd. Lunds Univ. limnol. Inst. 5: 256 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Edmondson, W. T., 1965. Reproductive rate of planktonic rotifers as related to food and temperature in nature. Ecol. Monogr. 35: 61–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilbert, J. J. & Williamson, C. E., 1978. Predator-prey behavior and its effects on rotifer survival in associations of Mesocyclops edax, Asplanchna girodi, Polyarthra vulgaris and Keratella cochlearis. Oecologia 17: 13–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guiset, A., 1977. Stomach contents in Asplanchna and Ploesoma. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 8: 126–129.Google Scholar
  9. Henrikson, L., Nyman, H. G., Oscarson, H. G. & Stenson, J. A. E., 1980. Trophic changes, without changes in the external nutrient loading. Hydrobiologia 68: 257–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kiser, R. W., Donaldson, J. R. & Olson, P. R., 1963. The effects of rotenone on Zooplankton populations in freshwater lakes. Trans, am. Fish. Soc. 92: 71–24.Google Scholar
  11. Nauwerck, A., 1963. Die Beziehungen zwischen Zooplankton und Phytoplankton im See Erken. Symb. bot. ups. 17: 1–163.Google Scholar
  12. Pejler, B., 1956. Introgression in planktonic rotatoria with some points of view on its causes and conceivable results. Evolution 10: 246–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pejler, B., 1957. Taxonomical and ecological studies on planktonic Rotatoria from Northern Swedish Lappland. K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. IV 6, No. 5.Google Scholar
  14. Pejler, B., 1974. Rotatoria from Björnöya. Norsk Polarinstitutt Årbok 1972, Oslo.Google Scholar
  15. Pourriot, R., 1977. Food and feeding habits of Rotifera. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 8: 243–260.Google Scholar
  16. Ruttner-Kolisko, A., 1972. Rotatoria. Das Zooplankton der Binnengewässer. 1. In Binnengewässer 26: 99–234.Google Scholar
  17. Stenson, J. A. E., 1972. Fish predation effects on the species composition of the zooplankton community in eight small forest lakes. Rep. Inst. Freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 52: 132–148.Google Scholar
  18. Stenson, J. A. E., 1982. Fish impact on rotifer community structure. Hydrobiologia 87: 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stenson, J. A. E., Bohlin, T., Henrickson, L., Nilsson, B-I., Nyman, H.G., Oscarson, H. G. & Larsson, P., 1978. Effects of fish removal from a small lake. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 20: 794–801.Google Scholar
  20. Voigt, M., 1957. Rotatoria. Die rädertiere Mitteleuropas. Bornträger, Berlin. 508 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan A. E. Stenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

Personalised recommendations