Advertisement

Ammonia nitrogen and inorganic phosphorus excretion by the planktonic rotifers

  • J. Ejsmont-Karabin
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 14)

Abstract

Two series of experiments were carried out to determine the relation of the rate of phosphorus and nitrogen excretion by the planktonic rotifers to ambient temperature and individual body weights of these animals. The following formulas describing this relation were obtained:
$${E_P} = 0.0154\,{W^{ - 1.27\,{}_e0.096\,T}}\,{E_N} = 0.0879\,{W^{ - 1.01\,{}_e0.88\,T}}\,,$$
, where EPand EN denote the rate of P and N excretion, respectively, in µg·mg dry wt−1·h−1, W is body weight in µg dry weight, and T is temperature in °C.

Keywords

rotifers phosphorus nitrogen excretion temperature body weight 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barlow, J. P. & Bishop, J. W., 1965. Phosphate regeneration by zooplankton in Cayuga Lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 10: 15–24.Google Scholar
  2. Bottrell, H. H., Duncan, A., Gliwicz, Z. M., Grygierek, E., Herzig, A., Hillbricht-Ilkowska, A., Kurosawa, H., Larsson, P. & Wegleñska, T., 1976. A review of some problems in zooplankton production studies. Norw. J. Zool. 24: 419–456.Google Scholar
  3. Chróst, R., 1978. The estimation of extracellular release by phytoplankton and heterotrophic activity of aquatic bacteria. Acta Microbiol, pol. 27: 139–146.Google Scholar
  4. Corner, E. D. S. & Davies, A. G., 1971. Plankton as a factor in the nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in the sea. In: Russel, F. S. (Ed.) Advances in Marine Biology. Vol. 9. 102–204 pp. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  5. Ejsmont-Karabin, J., 1982. Phosphorus and nitrogen excretion by zooplankton (rotifers and crustaceans) and its role in nutrient cycling in lake pelagial. Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Ecology, PAS, Dziekanów Lesny, Poland (in Polish).Google Scholar
  6. Ejsmont-Karabin, J., Bownik-Dylinska, L. & Godlewska-Lipowa, W. A., in press. P and N regeneration by zooplankton as a mechanism of meeting nutrient demands in lake bacterio- and phytoplankton. Ekol. pol.Google Scholar
  7. Ferrante, J. G., 1976. The role of zooplankton in the intrabiocenotic phosphorus cycle and factors affecting phosphorus excretion in a lake. Hydrobiologia 49: 203–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Galkovskaya, G. A. & Ejsmont-Karabin, J., 1981. On metabolic O/N ratio in rotifers. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. belorussk. SSR 25: 472–474 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Ganf, G. G. & Blazka, P., 1974. Oxygen uptake, ammonia and phosphate excretion by zooplankton of a shallow equatorial lake (Lake George, Uganda). Limnol. Oceanogr. 19: 313–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gutelmakher, B. L., 1977. Quantitative evaluation of the role of zooplankton in the phosphorus cycle in waterbodies. Zh. obshch. Biol. 38: 914–921 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Hargrave, B. T., Geen, G. H., 1968. Phosphorus excretion by zooplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 13: 332–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hochachka, P. W. & Somero, G. N., 1973. Strategies of Biochemical Adaptations. W. B. Saunders Company, Philad.Google Scholar
  13. Jacobsen, T. R. & Comita, G. W., 1976. Ammonia-nitrogen excretion in Daphnia pulex. Hydrobiologia 51: 195–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Johannes, R. E., 1964. Phosphorus excretion and body size in marine animals: microzooplankton and nutrient regeneration. Science 146: 923–924.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Muravskaya, Z. A., 1973. Intensity of nitrogen exchange and its relationship with respirative intensity of marine invertebrates. In: Vilenkin B. A. (Ed.) Energy Metabolism of Aquatic Animals. Nauka, Moscow 73–92. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. Muravskaya, Z. A., 1978. Levels of nitrogen excretion in some Mediterranean animals with different mobility and body composition. Biol, mora 46: 43–51.Google Scholar
  17. LaRow, E. J. & McNaught, D. C., 1978. Systems of organismal aspects of phosphorus remineralization. Hydrobiologia 59: 151–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nival, P., Nalara, G., Charra, R., Palazzoli, I. & Nival, S., 1974. Étude de la respiration et de l’excrétion de quelques copépodes planctoniques (Crustacea) dans la zone de remontée d’eau profonde des cotes Marocaines. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 15: 231–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Peters, R., 1975. Phosphorus regeneration by natural populations of limnetic zooplankton. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 19: 273–279.Google Scholar
  20. Peters, R. H. & Rigler, F. H., 1973. Phosphorus release by Daphnia. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18: 821–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pomeroy, L. R., 1975. Mineral cycling in marine ecosystems. In: Howell, F. G., Gentry, J. B., Smith, M. H. (Eds.) Mineral Cycling in Southwestern Ecosystems. Symp. Augusta, Georgia, May 1–3, 1974. CONF-740513, Energy Res. Envir. Admin. ERDA, Symp. ser.: 209–223.Google Scholar
  22. Pomeroy, L. R., 1980. Detritus and its role as a food source. In: Barnes, R. S. K. & Mann, K. H. (Eds.) Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Lond.: 84–102.Google Scholar
  23. Prochazkovâ, L., 1964. Spectrophotometric determination of ammonia as rubazoic acid with bispyrazolone reagent. Anal. Chem. 36: 865–871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ruttner-Kolisko, A., 1977. Suggestions for biomass calculation of plankton rotifers. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 8: 71–76.Google Scholar
  25. Smith, S. L., 1978. Nutrient regeneration by zooplankton during a red tide off Peru, with notes on biomass and species composition of zooplankton. Mar. Biol. 49: 125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Public Health Association, 1971. New York. 874 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Stephens, K., 1963. Determination of low phosphate concentrations in lake and marine waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 8: 361–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Taylor, W. D. & Lean, D. R. S., 1981. Radiotracer experiments on phosphorus uptake and release by limnetic microzooplankton. Can. J. Fish, aquat. Sci. 38: 1316–1321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ejsmont-Karabin
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of HydrobiologyInstitute of Ecology PASLomiankiPoland

Personalised recommendations