Advertisement

The Evaluation of Broad-Aim Programs

Experimental Design, Its Difficulties, and an Alternative
Chapter
  • 559 Downloads
Part of the Evaluation in Education and Human Services book series (EEHS, volume 6)

Abstract

There is an approach to the evaluation of social action programs which seems so sensible that it has been accepted without question. The underlying assumption is that action programs are designed to achieve specific ends and that their success can be established by demonstrating cause-effect relationships between the programs and their aims. In consequence, the preferred research design is an experimental one in which aspects of the situation to be changed are measured before and after implementation of the action program. To support the argument that the program is responsible for the observed changes, the anticipated effects may be measured simultaneously in a control situation that does not receive the program (Campbell & Stanley, 1966). This plausible approach misleads when the action programs have broad aims and take unstandardized forms.

Keywords

Action Program Model City Unanticipated Consequence Comparison Situation Poverty Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Banfield, Edward. Political Influence. New York: Free Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. Bunge, Mario. Causality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  3. Burke, Kenneth, Grammar of Motives. Engle wood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1945.Google Scholar
  4. Campbell, Donald, and Julian, Stanley. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Design for Research. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966.Google Scholar
  5. Freeman, Howard, and Clarence C. Sherwood. “Research in Large-scale Intervention Programs.” Journal of Social Issues, 21:11–28, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Glaser, Barney and Anselm Strauss. Discovery of Grounded Theory. Chicago: Aldine, 1967.Google Scholar
  7. Kaplan, Marshall. Instructions to research staff. Working paper, Marshall Kaplan, Gans and Kahn, San Francisco, 1969.Google Scholar
  8. Marris, Peter, and Martin Rein. Dilemmas of Social Reform. New York: Atherton, 1967.Google Scholar
  9. Merton, Robert K., and Daniel Lerner. “Social Scientists and Research Policy.” In: Daniel Lerner and Harold D. Lasswell (eds.), The Policy Sciences, 282–307. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  10. Miller, James G. “Living Systems: Basic Concepts.” Behavioral Science, 10:193–237, 1965a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Miller, James G. “Living Systems: Structure and Process.” Behavioral Science, 10:337–379. 1965b?.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rossi, Peter. Booby Traps and Pitfalls in the Evaluation of Social Action Programs. Working paper, Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, 1966.Google Scholar
  13. Schulberg, Herbert C., and Frank Baker. “Program Evaluation Models and the Implementation of Research Findings.” American Journal of Public Health, 58:1248–55, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Selvin, Hanan C., and Alan Stuart. “Data Dredging Procedures in Survey Analyasis.” American Statistician, 20:20–23, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Stufflebeam, Daniel L. Evaluation as Enlightenment for Decision Making. Working paper, Evaluation Center, Ohio State University, 1968.Google Scholar
  16. Suchman, Edward. Action for What? A Methodological Critique of Evaluation Studies. Working paper, University of Pittsburgh, 1968.Google Scholar
  17. Thernstrom, Stephan. Poverty, Planning, and Politics in the New Boston. New York: Basic Books, 1969.Google Scholar
  18. Vidich, Arthur J., and Joseph Bensman. Small Town in Mass Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  19. Watkins, J.W.N. “Ideal Types and Historical Explanation.” In: Herbert Feigl and May Brodbeck (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science: 723–43. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1953.Google Scholar
  20. Watts, Harold. Graduated Work Incentives: An Experiment in Negative Taxation. Working paper, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing 1983

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations