Speckle pattern is a phenomenon which has been studied for many years in specialist applications and the first statistics of speckle phenomenon to be published were probably those due to Lord Rayleigh.1 The appreciation of speckle effect was restricted to particular aspects of astronomy before the advent of the laser and its capability of producing highly coherent light.


Speckle Pattern Fringe Pattern Pulse Width Modulation Reference Beam Holographic Interferometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lord Rayleigh. The Scientific Papers of Lord Rayleigh, Vol. 1, 1964, Dover Publications, New York, pp. 491–6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leendertz, J. A. Interferometric displacement measurement on scattering surfaces utilising speckle effect, J. Phys. 3(1970), 214, 218.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goodman, J. W. Statistical properties of laser speckle. In: Topics in Appi Phys Vol. 9, ed. J. C. Dainty, 1975, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 9–74.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ennos, A. E. Statistical properties of laser speckle. In: Topics in Appi Phys Vol. 9, ed. J.C. Dainty, 1975, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 208.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jones, R. The design and application of a speckle pattern interferometer for total plane strain field measurement, Optics and Laser Technology, October 1976, 215–19.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Archbold, E., Ennos, A. E. and Virdee, M. S. Comp. paper: Speckle photography for strain measurements—a critical assessment, SPIE J Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cookson, J. C. and Koyuncu, B. Semi-automatic measurements of small high frequency vibrations using time-averaged electronic speckle pattern interferometry., Internal Report, Loughborough University of Technology, publication to follow.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Burch, J. M. Large scale deformation measurement by a photographic moiré technique, Nelex ‚ 74, Metrology Conference, October 1974, paper 22.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Burch, J. M. and Forno, C. A high sensitivity moiré grid technique for studying deformation of large objects, Optical Engineering, April 1975.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gregory, D. A. In: Speckle Metrology, ed. R. K. Erf, 1978, Academic Press, New York, Chapter 8, pp. 183–222Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stetson, K. A. Problems of defocusing in speckle photography, its connection to hologram interferometry and its solutions, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 66(1976), 1267–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Archbold, E., Burch, J. M. and Ennos, A. E. The application of holography to the comparison of cylinder bores, J. Phys. E., Scientific Instruments, 4(1981), 489–94.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Haines, K. A. and Hildebrand, B. P. Multiple wavelength and multiple source holography applied to contour generation, J. Opt. Soc. Am 57(1967), 155–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Butters, J. N., Jones, R. and Wykes, C. In: Speckle Metrology, ed. R. K. Erf, 1978, Academic Press, New York, pp. 146, 155.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Welford, W. T. Optical estimation of statistics of surface roughness from light scattering measurements, Optical and Quantum Electronics, 9(1977), 269–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wykes, C. Decorrelation effects in speckle pattern interferometry: I: Wavelength change dependent decorrelation with application to contouring and surface roughness measurement, Optica Acta, 5(1977), 517–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dandliker, R. Holographic interferometry and speckle photography for strain measurement: a comparison, Optics and Lasers in Eng., 1(1980), 3–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chiang, F. P., Liu, B. C. and Lin, S. T. Multi-aperture white light speckle method applied to the strain analysis of cylinders with holes under compression, Optics and Lasers in Eng., 2(1981), 151–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Applied Science Publishers Ltd 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. N. Butters
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringLoughborough University of TechnologyUK

Personalised recommendations