The basic principles of photoelasticity have been known for many years.1 This chapter deals with how they are used in transducers to measure strain, load and stress. The photoelastic effect is dealt with briefly in order to explain what is happening within the transducers. The linear relationship between fringe order and strain or stress in the birefringent material is emphasised.


Principal Stress Principal Strain Fringe Pattern Thermal Error Quarter Wave Plate 
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Modulus of elasticity


Modulus of elasticity


Dimensionless constant representing the optical strain sensitivity of the birefringent materials


Number of fringes


Ratio of principal stresses


Length of light path


Major principal strain


Minor principal strain


Wavelength of light


Poisson’s ratio


Major principal stress


Minor principal stress


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Copyright information

© Applied Science Publishers Ltd 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.AVT Engineering ServicesStockportUK

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