Life history ofEtheostoma caeruleum (Pisces: Percidae) in Bayou Sara, Louisiana and Mississippi

  • James M. Grady
  • Henry L. BartJr.
Part of the Developments in environmental biology of fishes book series (DEBF, volume 4)


The life history of Etheostoma caeruleum was studied from collections made between September 1976 and July 1981 in Bayou Sara, a lower Mississippi River tributary. The principal habitat of rainbow darters was shallow gravel riffles or runs over firm substrates. In Bayou Sara, the reproductive season extended from late March through April and possibly into June. Males and females were sexually mature in their first year. Counts of unovulated mature ova ranged from 17–125 (\( {\bar {\text {X}}} \) = 66). Rainbow darters reached a maximum age of 37 months and a maximum size of 50 mm. Individuals reached an average of 34 mm in the first year and 41 mm after two years. A significantly higher number of males than females was present in the 1+ and 2+ year classes. Chironomids, siphlonurids, and simuliids comprised the bulk of the diet. Simuliid and hydropsychid consumption increased with increased size.


Fecundity Reproduction Food habits Spawning Parasites Diet Sex ratio Rainbow darter Habitat 


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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Grady
    • 1
  • Henry L. BartJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

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