Awareness and Meaning in Navya-Nyāya

  • Bimal Krishna Matilal
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 178)


In this paper, I shall try to formulate and examine two interrelated Ny101ya principles about knowledge, and show how a tension evolved in the system as a result of their interaction. These two fundamental principles had far-reaching effects in shaping the Ny101ya theory of meaning as well as its theory of verbal knowledge derived from linguistic utterance. This latter part, however, will not be fully discussed here, for I shall devote this paper mainly to the clarification of the said principles and what, if anything, could be done with them.


Natural Kind Verbal Report Simple Property Dark Shade Previous Birth 
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  1. 3.
    For Bhartrhari’s view on this point, see Vākvapadiva, Kanda I, verses 115–116 (ed. S, Iyer, Poona, Deccan College, 1966 ).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Gangeśa, Tattvacintāmani, Pratyaksa khanda (ed. Pt. K. Tarkavagisa, Calcutta, Bibliotheca Indica, 1897 ), Nirvikalpa-vāda. p. 817 ff.Google Scholar
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    Consult Gangeśa, ibid., p. 817. For Vardhamana, see his commentary on Udayana’s Tatparya-parisuddhi (Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, L.S. Dravid and V.P. Dvivedin eds., 1911 ), pp. 533–535.Google Scholar
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    Jagadiśa, Śabdaśaktiprakāsikā (Kashi Sanskrit Series 109, ed. Pt. D. Sastri, Beneres, 1973), p. 122 ff., verse 23Google Scholar
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    For Gadādhara’s view see his Śaktivāda (Kashi Sanskrit Series, Chowkhamba, ed. G.D. Sastri, Beneres) p. 54 f.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    This is from Jagadiśa’s comment on the Paksatā section of Tattvacintāmani (see Gangeśa, Anumāna khanda, ed. S. Nyāyopadhyaya, Chowkhamba, Beneres, 1906–1908).Google Scholar
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    L. Wittgenstein, Tractus Logico-Philosophicus. London, 1963, 5. 5305.Google Scholar
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    W.V. Quine, Word and Object. Cambridge, Mass., 1960, p. 117.Google Scholar

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© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

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  • Bimal Krishna Matilal

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