Advertisement

Philosophy, Common Sense, and Science

  • Marcelo Dascal
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 172)

Abstract

Traditionally, philosophy begins when Thales begins to open his eyes — thus anticipating Pescartesadvice—in order to try to see things bevond their appearance. Apparently, there is little or nothing in common to all the innumerable individual things in the world, which seem to differ radically from each other. Nevertheless, Thales claims that, ultimately, they must have—all of them—a shared foundation which has to be found. Though the solution he himself proposed did not gain wide and lasting support, his question, once asked, could not be set aside any more. His followers replaced water by the apeiron, by the pneuma, by the nous, and later on, by the atoms. But they remained faithful to the basic presupposition of the search initiated by Thales. The primordial innocence—accepting things just as they appear to us—is thus forever lost. When Protagoras defends the thesis that in fact things are what they look like, i.e. that behind multiplicity there is no unity whatsoever, he cannot do so without contrastively stressing the expression ‘in fact.’

Keywords

Common Sense Ordinary Language Philosophical Theory Deontic Logic Idealist Philosopher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 13.
    P. S. Laplace, Traite de Mécanique Céleste, in Oeuvres Completes de Laplace, vol. 3 (Paris: Gauthier Vili ars, 1878–1914), p. xi.Google Scholar
  2. 16.
    James B. Conant, Science and Common Sense ( New Haven: Yale Unversity Press, 1951 ), pp. 3–4.Google Scholar
  3. 17.
    J. Bronowski, The Common Sense of Science ( Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1960 ), p. 17.Google Scholar
  4. 23.
    David Hume, Enquiries Concerning the Hunan Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals, ed. by L. A. Selby-Bigge ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1902 ), p. 152.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Thomas Reid, Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, ed. by Baruch A. Brody ( Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1969 ), p. 124.Google Scholar
  6. 33.
    J. Hintikka, “Intuitions and Philosophical Method,” Revue Internationale de Philosophie 135 (1981), 79.Google Scholar
  7. 36.
    W. V. O. Quine, Word and Object ( Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1960 ), pp. 271–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Dascal

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations