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Chemical Aspects of PVC Stabilisation

  • E. D. Owen

Abstract

The large-scale and world-wide production of polymers which has taken place over the last few decades has increasingly drawn attention to the relatively low stability of these materials and the consequent problem of protecting them during the processing stage as well as from the longer term photochemical ageing processes which lead to a deterioration of their physical properties. In the case of PVC, both processes take the form of a dehydrochlorination reaction accompanied in oxidative environments by chain scission and crosslinking, the mechanisms of which have been discussed in detail in the preceding chapters. Stabilisation of PVC is an attempt to prevent or at least reduce and minimise the extent of these processes and the resulting disadvantageous changes in physical properties which they bring in their wake.

Keywords

Hinder Amine Light Stabiliser Organotin Compound Chemical Aspect Apply Science Publisher Ultraviolet Absorber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. D. Owen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity CollegeCardiff, WalesUK

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