The Exclusion Principle
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As was noted in the second part of this book, both anaphorically used the-phrases and anaphoric pronouns are subject to an additional restriction. The tacit quantifiers governing the choice of b in (G. he) and (G. anaphoric the) have to be understood as being partially exclusive (cf. Hintikka 1973, chap. 1). More precisely, the choice of b in (G. he) (and in (G. anaphoric the)) must be restricted by excluding all individuals whose proper names, interpreted by having had (G. name) applied to them, occur in the same clause as (i.e., are, syntactically speaking, dominated by precisely the same S-nodes as) the pronoun (or the definite description) to which a game rule is being applied, at the stage of the game when a rule is applied to it. This general principle — we shall call it the “Exclusion Principle” — can be generalized to cover expressions other than pronouns that are evaluated by applying some game rule to them.
KeywordsReflexive Pronoun Relative Clause Exclusion Principle Definite Description Input Sentence
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