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Electronic Spectra of Minerals

  • Roger G. Burns

Abstract

This chapter describes origins and applications of electronic spectra of transition metal-bearing oxide and silicate minerals in the visible and nearby ultra-violet and infra-red regions. Such optical spectra are manifested by the colours and pleochroism of many minerals in transmitted light, properties used routinely by earth scientists to identify rock-forming minerals. Eye-catching, coloured, naturally-occurring inorganic compounds have appealed to mankind since antiquity in his quest for attractive pigments and beautiful gemstones; many of the earliest spectral measurements of minerals were made on large, highly-polished rare gems. However, during the past twenty years, the availability of high resolution spectrophotometers and the technology to make spectral measurements on very small crystals by using microscope accessories, have produced a vast body of experimental data for many transition metal ions in common rock-forming minerals.

Keywords

Crystal Field Lower Mantle Intervalence Transition Crystal Field Splitting Metal Charge Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger G. Burns

There are no affiliations available

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