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Seasonality of phytoplankton in northern tundra ponds

  • Robert G. Sheath
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 33)

Abstract

Thermokarst ponds are the most abundant type of water body in the arctic tundra, with millions occurring in the coastal plains of Alaska, Northwest Territories and Siberia. Because ice covers of at least 2 m in thickness are formed at these latitudes, tundra ponds freeze solid every winter As a result, the growing season is shortened to a range of 60 to 100 days, during which time the photoperiod is altered to a prolonged light phase. Tundra ponds are generally close to neutral in pH and low in ions, contain dissolved gases near saturation and are nutrient poor. In low arctic ponds there are two phytoplankton biomass and primary production peaks, whereas they may be only one in the high arctic. Nanoplanktonic flagellates of the Chrysophyceae and Cryptophyceae dominate the maxima. The mid-summer decline in phytoplankton in the low arctic can be attributed to a combination of phosphorus limitation and heavy grazing pressure. The cryptomonad Rhodomonas minuta Skuja is one of the most widespread phytoplankters in tundra ponds. Because of the altered photoperiods, many species do not form resting spores prior to ice formation but survive freezing in the vegetative state.

Keywords

seasonality tundra pond phytoplankton algae arctic 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Sheath
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA

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