Chemical Concepts in the Atmosphere

Part of the Atmospheric Sciences Library book series (volume 5)


Aeronomy is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing its participants from areas as diverse as chemistry, physics, electrical engineering, mathematics, meteorology, and many others. It therefore seems appropriate to briefly review some of the chemical and physical concepts which form the basis for the chemistry of importance in atmospheric processes.


Hard Sphere Diatomic Molecule Potential Energy Curve Middle Atmosphere Lower Thermosphere 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and bibliography

  1. Barth, C. A., and A. F. Hildebrand, The 5577 Å airglow emission mechanism, J. Geophys. Res., 66, 985, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barth, C. A., Nitric oxide in the upper atmosphere, Ann. Geophys., 22, 198, 1966.Google Scholar
  3. Bates, D. R., The green light of the might sky, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 1061, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Calvert, J. G., and J. N. Pitts, Photochemistry, J. Wiley, (New York), 1966.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell, I. M., Energy and the atmosphere, John Wiley and Sons (Chichester, G. B.), 1977.Google Scholar
  6. Castellan, G. W., Physical chemistry, Addison-Wesley, (Reading, Mass.), 1971.Google Scholar
  7. Chapman, S., Some phenomena of the upper atmosphere, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. A., 132, 353, 1931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans, W. F. J., D. M. Hunten, E. J. Llewellyn and A. Vallance-Jones, Altitude profile of the infrared atmospheric system of oxygen in the dayglow, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 2885, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frederick, J. E., and D. W. Rusch, On the chemistry of metastable atomic nitrogen in the F-region deduced from simultaneous satellite measurements of the 5200 Å airglow and atmospheric composition, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 3509, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gilmore, F. R., Potential energy curves for N2, NO, 02, and corresponding ions, RAND corporation memorandum R-4034-PR, June, 1964.Google Scholar
  11. Hampson, R. F., and D. Garvin, Reaction rate and photochemical data for atmospheric chemistry — 1977, U. S. Dept. of Commerce, NBS special publication 513, 1978.Google Scholar
  12. Herzberg, G., Spectra of diatomic molecules, D. Van Nostrand Co., (New York), 1950.Google Scholar
  13. Johnston, H. S., Gas phase reaction rate theory, Ronald Press, (New York), 1966.Google Scholar
  14. Karplus, M., and R. N. Porter, Atoms and molecules: an introduction for students of physical chemistry, W. A. Benjamin, Inc., (Menlo Park, Cal.), 1970.Google Scholar
  15. Lindemann, F. A., Discussion on radiation theory of chemical action, Trans. Far. Soc., 17, 598, 1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Llewellyn, E. J., B. H. Long, and B. H. Solheim, The quenching of OH* in the atmosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 26, 525, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McEwan, M. J. and L. F. Phillips, Chemistry of the atmosphere, Edwards Arnold Ltd., (London), 1975.Google Scholar
  18. Moore, W. J., Physical chemistry, Prentice Hall, (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.), 1962.Google Scholar
  19. Rice, O. K., and H. C. Ramsperger, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 49, 1617, 1927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shum, L. G. S., and S. W. Benson, Review of the heat of formation of the hydroperoxyl radical, J. Phys. Chem., 87, 3479, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Slanger, T. G. and G. Black, O1S in the lower thermosphere — Chapman vs. Barth, Planet. Space Sci., 25, 79, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith, I. W. M., Kinetics and dynamics of elementary gas reactions, Butterworths, (London), 1980.Google Scholar
  23. Steinfeld, J. I., Molecules and radiation: An introduction to modern molecular spectroscopy, MIT press, (Cambridge, Mass.), 1978.Google Scholar
  24. Thomas, R. J., C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clemens, Ozone density in the mesosphere (50–90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 245, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Weston, R. E. and H. A. Schwarz, Chemical kinetics, Prentice Hall, (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.), 1972.Google Scholar
  26. Zipf, E. C., P. J. Espy, and C. F. Boyle, The excitation and collisional deactivation of metastable N2P atoms in auroras, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 687, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale and Université Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Aeronomy LaboratoryNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations