Advertisement

Hazard Mapping as a Tool for Landslide Prevention in Mediterranean Areas

  • Th. W. J. Van Asch
Conference paper
  • 48 Downloads

Summary

In the Mediterranean area the degradation of the landscape by landsliding is a serious problem. The climatological conditions, with a strong concentration of rain in the winter period is one of the main causes of landslide activity in these areas. Also the strong tectonic and neoteconic activities have led to a high frequency of mass movements. Hazard mapping is a good tool for the prevention of these landslides because these maps contain information about actually or potentially hazardous areas. The maps should be used in the early stage of a planning activity for future economic development of an area. It is suggested that the different types of hazard maps has to be critically evaluated for certain areas and knowledge and experience on this matter has to be exchanged between different countries.

Keywords

Slope Angle Slope Stability Mass Movement Landslide Hazard Unconfined Compression Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Besson,, L. (1984). Service de restauration des terrains en Montagne de L’O.N.F. Direction Departementale de l’Agriculture de L’Isère. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bocquet, F., Charre, J.P., F. Douard, J.L., Thouret, J.C., Vivian, H. (1984). Carte integrée des risques naturels et anthropiques en milieu montagnard (Notice explicative). Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bousquet, B. and Pechoux, Y. (1984). Les mouvements de terrain facteur géomorphologique d’interêt regional en Grèce Centrale. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brown, E.T. and Shews, M.S. (1975). Effect of deforestation on slopes Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering division, ASCE, 96 SM6 1917-1934.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brum-Ferrera, A. de (1984). Mouvements de terrain dans la région au nord de Lisbonne. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carrara, A., Pugliese-Carratelli, E. and L. Merenda (1977). Computor based data bank and statistical analysis of slope instability phenomena. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie N.F. 21(2), 187–222.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carrara, A., Sorriso-Valvo, M. and C. Reali (1982). Analysis of landslide form and incidence by statistical techniques, Southern Italy. Catena 9( ), 35–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Carrara, A. (1983). Geomathematical assessment of regional landslide hazard. Fourth International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Soil and Structural Engineering 4-27.Université de Firenze. Pitagora.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cazenave-Piarrot, F., Laugenie, C., Timay, J.P. and R. Bourroulik, (1984). Controle géologique et morphoclimatique des glissements de versants dans les Pyrenees occidentales. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Centamore, E., Cherubini, C. Eusebio, L.D., Dramis, F., Gentili, B. Marchetti, P. and F. Pontoni, (1981). Cartografia geomorfologica a indirizzo application: un esempio nell’area marchigiana. Bollettino dell’HIC 53 11–15.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cotecchia, V. (1978). Systematic reconnaisance mapping and registration of slope movements. International Association of Engineering Geologists Bulletin 17, 5–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Corominas, J. and E. Alonso, (1984). Inestabilidad de Laderas el Pirineo Catalian. Tipologia y Causas. Jornadas de Trabajo sobre Inestabilidad de Laderas en el Pirineo. Barcelona, Universidad Politechnica de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Coumantakis, J. and Ch. Angelidis, (1984). Mouvements de terrain en Grèce; aspects socio — economiques. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Crescenti, U., Dramis, F., Gentili, B. and A. Praturlon, (1984). The Bisaccia landslide: a case of deep seated gravitational movement reactivated by earthquake. Colloque mouvements de terrain Université Caen.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dumas, B., Gueremy, P., Lhenaff, R. amd J. Raffy, (1984). Risques de Mouvements de terrain dans une region seismique: la facade Calabraise du Detroit de Messine aux abords de Villa San Giovanni (Italy). Méditerranée (in press).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fenti, V., Ruzzier, D., Silvano, S. and V. Spagna, (1981). I movimenti fanosi della Valle Isarco tra Bolzano e Ponte Gardena (Alto Adige) CNRS publication nr. 69, 130 pp. Padova, Instituto de Geologia Applicata.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gray, D.H., (1970). Effects of forest clear cutting on the stability of natural slopes. Bulletin of the Association of Engineering Geologists, 7, M1-M2; 45–66.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gray, D.H. and W.F. Megahan, (1981). Forest vegetation removal and slope stability in the Idaho Batholith. U.S. Department of Agriculture; Forest Service Research Paper INI-217.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kienholz, H., (1983). Landslide hazard assesment for landslide zonation. Berne, Geographical Institute University of Berne.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Loye-Pilot, M., (1984). Coulées boueuses en Corse: examples de mouvements de terrain en pays Mediterranéen montagnard. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Neuland, H., (1976). A prediction model of landslides. Catena 3; 215–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Reger, J.P., (1979). Discriminant analysis as possible tool in landslide investigations. Earth Surface Processes 4; 267–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sauret, B., (1984). Manifestations d’Instabilité du sol dansd la zone epicentrale du seisme de Messme de 1908. Le role de la liquifaction. Colloque mouvements de terrain. Université Caen.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schuster, R.L. And R.J. Krizek, (1978). Landslides and control. Special Report 176. 234 pp. Washington, National Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sissakian, V., Soeters, R.and N. Rengers, (1983). Engineering geological mapping from aerial photographs: the influence of photo scale in map quality and the use of stereo orthophotographs. ITC-journal 1983-2, 109-118.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    U.S., Bureau of Reclamation, (1974). Earth Manual. Washington US Govt. Printing Office.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Van Asch, Th.W.J., (1980). Water erosion on slopes and landsliding in a Mediterranean landscape. Utrechtse Geografische Studies 20; 237 pp. Utrecht, Geografgisch Instituut.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Van Asch, Th.W.J., (1984). Landslides: the deducation of strength parameters of materials from equilibrium analysis. Catena 11; 39–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Van Asch, Th.W.J. (in prep.). Hazard mapping using deterministic models.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Van Steijn, H. and G.J.J. Van Den Hof, (1983). Stability of slopes near Barcelonette (Alpes de Hautes Provence, France): A case study in slope stability mapping. Geologie en Mijnbouw; 677-682.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Varnes, P.J., (1982). The principles and practice of landslide hazard zonation. Commission on landslides and other Mass-Movements-IAEG. The Unesco Press, Paris.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wu, T.H., Swantson, D.N., (1980). Risk of landslides in shallow Soils and its relation to Clearcutting in Souteastern Alaska Forst Science, 26(3), 495–510.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Th. W. J. Van Asch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography, Geographical InstituteState University UtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations