• Douglas Pulleyblank
Part of the Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory book series (SNLT, volume 4)


Within generative phonology, there has always been a research strategy dictating that predictable aspects of a phonological string should be accounted for by rules, conventions or constraints. With respect to underlying lexical entries, a particularly strong hypothesis is to assume that all predictable information is excluded from underlying forms, that is, lexical entries are “minimally redundant” (Kiparsky 1982a). In this chapter, I will explore this hypothesis with respect to tone. It will be shown that evidence from tonal systems provides strong support for a theory where unmarked feature specifications are supplied by universal default rules. Moreover, it will be shown that the default fill-in rules apply in some cases after the application of regular phonological rules. The role and nature of tonal default rules, and how they are incorporated into the overall model of phonology, will be examined here. Special attention will be paid to problems that could result from underspecification, such as the surreptitious replacement of a binary feature system with a ternary one.


Lexical Entry Phonological Theory Default Rule Contour Tone Final Syllable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas Pulleyblank
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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