• A. Braithwaite
  • F. J. Smith


The first person to use the term chromatography was Tswett (1872–1919) the Russian chemist. He used chromatography, from the Greek for colour —chroma and write — graphein to describe his work on the separation of coloured plant pigments into bands on a column of chalk [1,2]. It was not until the 1930s that chromatography in the form of thin-layer and ion-exchange chromatography became a regularly used technique. The 1940s saw the development of partition chromatography and paper chromatography with gas chromatography following in 1950. The 1960s saw a rapid rise in the routine use of chromatography as a universal technique, particularly in chemistry, biology and medicine. It is now used as a production process and yet is sensitive enough for trace analytical techniques.


Stationary Phase Paper Chromatography American Petroleum Institute Partition Chromatography Elution Chromatography 
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Copyright information

© A. Braithwaite and F. J. Smith 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Braithwaite
    • 1
  • F. J. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical SciencesTrent PolytechnicNottinghamUK

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