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Introduction

  • A. Braithwaite
  • F. J. Smith
Chapter
  • 107 Downloads

Abstract

The first person to use the term chromatography was Tswett (1872–1919) the Russian chemist. He used chromatography, from the Greek for colour —chroma and write — graphein to describe his work on the separation of coloured plant pigments into bands on a column of chalk [1,2]. It was not until the 1930s that chromatography in the form of thin-layer and ion-exchange chromatography became a regularly used technique. The 1940s saw the development of partition chromatography and paper chromatography with gas chromatography following in 1950. The 1960s saw a rapid rise in the routine use of chromatography as a universal technique, particularly in chemistry, biology and medicine. It is now used as a production process and yet is sensitive enough for trace analytical techniques.

Keywords

Stationary Phase Paper Chromatography American Petroleum Institute Partition Chromatography Elution Chromatography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© A. Braithwaite and F. J. Smith 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Braithwaite
    • 1
  • F. J. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical SciencesTrent PolytechnicNottinghamUK

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