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Realism and Existentialism

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Part of the American University Publications in Philosophy book series (MNPL, volume 29)

Abstract

It is the underlying assumption of this essay that there is an unresolved conflict between realism and existentialism. It is further assumed that there exists throughout contemporary philosophy a fundamental tension between the factors of belief or commitment and the factors of reason or knowledge in the establishment of a world view, and that this tension is especially evident in the conflict between these two movements. This tension is more implicit than explicit, although there are numerous signs that it is becoming increasingly explicit. The essay intends to uncover this issue, show its seriousness for contemporary philosophy, indicate its centrality for the understanding of philosophical foundations, while exploring these foundations in the dialogue between these two movements. It is further assumed that issues surrounding the factor of commitment are fundamental issues of liberal culture, centered upon objectivity and subjectivity or objectivity and conviction. One of the central dilemmas of modern liberal culture is the attempt to find the appropriate relationship between conviction and objectivity. It is obvious that one of the leading developments of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy is the discovery of the individual subject, the existing individual, as a matter of profound concern.

Keywords

Contemporary Philosophy Philosophical Position Logical Empiricism Philosophical Reflection Implicit Debate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Footnotes

  1. 1.
    Schilpp, P. A. “Is Standpointless Philosophy Possible?” The Philosophical Review, 44 (1935) 227–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    See E. Nagel, “Naturalism Reconsidered,” in Proceedings And Addresses Of The American Philosophical Association, XXVIII. For a discussion of the more existential and theistic position see Bennett, J. C. “Are There Tests Of Revelation?” Theology Today, 12 (1955) 70–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jaspers, K. The Way To Wisdom (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1951) p. 94.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tillich, P. A History Of Christian Thought (New York: Harper & Row, 1968) p. 103ff.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tillich, P. Systematic Theology, Vol. 1 (Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 1951) pp. 8–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The American UniversityUSA

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