At the coffee production sites (farms and estates), two different main methods of processing are used to obtain intermediate products that will subsequently be treated in exactly the same way to provide the coffee beans of commerce. These methods are dry processing, which produces dried cherry coffee and wet processing, which produces (dry) parchment coffee. Dry processing is generally used for robusta coffee, but is also used in Brazil for the majority of arabica coffees. Wet processing, on the other hand, is used for arabica and results in so-called mild coffee, when fermentation is included in the preparation process. Dry processing is very simple and, most important of all, is less demanding in respect of harvesting, since all the berries or cherries are dried immediately after harvest. In contrast, wet processing requires more strict control of the harvesting as unripe berries or berries that have partly dried on the tree cannot be handled by the pulping machines.
KeywordsCoffee Berry Coffee Bean Size Grade Green Coffee Arabica Coffee
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