• James K. Whitesell
  • Mark A. Minton


Using exo/endo and syn/anti to designate stereochemical relationships in bicyclo[3.1.1]heptanes creates problems because this system is based on the orientation of groups relative to the unique, smallest bridge. The M/G system defined in Chapter 6 for the bicyclo[2.2.2]octanes is equally applicable here. Briefly, a sense of rotation (clockwise or counterclockwise) is defined for an axis that passes through both bridgehead atoms based upon the ordering of assigned numbers for the atoms adjacent to atom 1. Substituents that are oriented with this sense of rotation are defined as M (mit) while those opposed are G (gegen). For monosubstituted compounds, the numbering system is defined so that the substituent is M.


Research Laboratory Numbering System Assigned Number Small Bridge Stereochemical Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • James K. Whitesell
  • Mark A. Minton

There are no affiliations available

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