Skepticism and Rationality
In general the skeptic holds that there is no knowledge, i.e., that no one knows anything to be true. As the term is usually used in ordinary language, a skeptic doubts whether there is knowledge in some restricted domain. The skeptic about morals, for example, thinks there is no ethical knowledge, the religious skeptic no religious knowledge, and so on. One can even be a skeptic about a whole range of areas, e.g., social science, and hold that people in those areas do not have “genuine” knowledge. Skeptics in this sense usually believe that some people have knowledge, usually because they operate in a superior area where knowledge is possible, e.g., science or physics. The sort of skeptic that interests philosophers is the general or unrestricted skeptic who holds that no one has any knowledge at all.
KeywordsTrue Belief Justify Belief Rational Belief Cigarette Smoke Cure Coherence Theory
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.