Advertisement

On the Dynamics of Scientific Paradigms

  • Vincenzo Cappelletti
Chapter
  • 105 Downloads
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 195)

Abstract

For the historian axioms are live realities, similar to organisms which are expected to enrich their own structure, to acquire a larger dimension, to compete or coexist with different organisms. Continuing to use this metaphor - perhaps beyond the point which pleases the defenders of individuality, of the hékaston, in bio-medicine - we could say that history requires axioms to lend themselves to fertile hybridizations. The author of some of these being the daily exchange of ideas in the scientific community, while the promoter of others is historiography, a historiography conceived as reason which enlivens, rethinks and judges the event, and as an arduous, yet necessary, drawing closer together of the absolute and the relative - the “I think” and the “what” I think - in order to convert the esse and the sum of factum and fieri mutually one into the other. To this end the historiography of scientific thought, and any other kind of historiographic reflection, are necessary. If the growth of the axiomatic organism can be called “dynamics”, the competition and coexistence which we mentioned are rather its “dialetics”. Only after this has taken place, due to history in the first place, and then to the historian, is an axiom worthy of belonging to the scientific knowledge of the world: a modern ideality born out of the ancient vocation to philosophizing and, according to the wishes of some, meant to be proposed again, unchanged, yet improved and organically related to man’s position in the universe.

Keywords

Scientific Thought Scientific Paradigm Psychic Energy Sensorial Vector Spiritual Fact 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 6.
    I. KANT, Kritik der reinen Vernunft (1787 in Werke ,hrsg. von E.Cassirer, III, Berlin 1913, p.55.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    H. HELMHOLTZ, Das Denken in der Medicin. Rede gehalten zur Feier der Militairärztlichen Bildungs Anstalten in Berlin 1877, in Vorträge und Reden ,II, Braunschweig 19035, pp. 181–182.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    H. HELMHOLTZ, Über das Ziel und die Fortschritte der Naturwissenschaft. Eröffnungsrede für die Naturforscherversammlung zu Innsbruck (1869), in Vorträge etc., I, Leipzig 19036, pp.367–398.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    H. HELMHOLTZ, Über die Tatsachen, die der Geometrie zum Grunde liegen ,1868 in Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen ,II, Leipzig 1883.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    H. HELMHOLTZ, Die Tatsachen in der Wahrnehmung. Rede gehalten zur Stiftungsfeier der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin, 1878, in Vorträge etc., cit., II, Braunschweig 19035, pp.213–247.Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    H. HELMHOLTZ, Über die Erhaltung der Kraft ,eine physikalische Abhandlung vorgetragen in der Sitzung der physikalischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin am 23 Juli 1847, Berlin 1847.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    R. K. MERTON, Paradigm for the sociology of knowledge , in The sociology of science. Theoretical and empirical investigations, Chicago-London 1973, 19742, pp.7–40.Google Scholar
  8. 23.
    E. MACH, Erkenntnis und Irrtum. Skizzen zur Psychologie der Forschung, Leipzig 1905.Google Scholar
  9. 26.
    E. von CYON Das Ohrlabyrinth als Organ der mathematischen Sinne für Raum und Zeit ,Berlin 1908.Google Scholar
  10. 44.
    W. OSTWALD, Vorlesungen über Natur Philosophie ,Leipzig 1902 (Ernst Mach gewidmet).Google Scholar
  11. 46.
    W. OSTWALD, Die Überwindung des wissenschaftlichen Materialismus , in Abhandlungen und Vorträge allgemeinen Inhaltes ,Leipzig 1904, pp.232 s.Google Scholar
  12. 47.
    R. MAYER, Bemerkungen über die Kräfte der unbelebten Natur 1842), in Die Mechanik der Wärme ,Stuttgart 18933, pp.23–32.Google Scholar
  13. 48.
    W. OSTWALD, Die philosophische Bedeutung der Energetik (1903), in Abhandlungen etc., cit., p.278.Google Scholar
  14. 50.
    C.G. JUNG, Über die Energetik der Seele (1948), in Gesammelte Werke, Olten und Freiburg im Breisgau, VIII, 1971, pp.1–74 (On psychic energy , in Collected Works ,VIII, New York 1960, pp.3–66).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincenzo Cappelletti
    • 1
  1. 1.University of RomeItaly

Personalised recommendations