Physical Reality and Closed Theories in Werner Heisenberg’s Early Papers

  • Catherine Chevalley
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 195)


In his 1934 paper entitled “Transformations of the foundations of natural science”1 Heisenberg stressed the possibility for physical theories to “exhibit a structure different from the structure of classical physics”. This, he said, would happen in the one case when their objects would not be any more “things encountered in a direct and immediate experience”2: to leave this field ruled by classical physics would thus generate a break, a change, a shift in the very structure of the physical theory. The “mimetic” relationship between the objects of the theory and the objects of our world would be lost and would not ensure any more the truth value of the propositions of natural science.


Quantum Mechanic Physical Theory Physical Reality Classical Physic Atomic Physic 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Chevalley
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CNRSParisFrance
  2. 2.Boston UniversityBostonUSA

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