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Johann Stephan Rittangel’s Stay in the Dutch Republic (1641–1642)

  • Ernestine G. E. Van Der Wall
Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire des Idées / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 119)

Abstract

In the autumn of 1641 the German Orientalist Johann Stephan Rittangel (1606–1652) arrived in the Dutch Republic, straight from England where he had stayed for several months. Shortly before, in 1640, Rittangel had been appointed professor of Oriental languages at the University of Königsberg (Prussia). In July 1642 he left the Low Countries to go to Königsberg, where he spent the rest of his life until his death in 1652.1

Keywords

Latin Translation Oriental Language Jewish Sect Dutch Republic Intended Journey 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    For Johann Stephan Rittangel, see besides the older biographical dictionaries, G.H. Turnbull, Hartlib, Dury and Comenius. Gleanings from Hartlib’s Papers, London 1947, 262, 366, 383Google Scholar
  2. 1a.
    M. Blekastad, Comenius, Oslo-Praha 1969, 313, 314m 329, 333, 363, 416Google Scholar
  3. 1b.
    W.-E. Peuckert, Das Rosenkreuz, Berlin 1973, passim Google Scholar
  4. 1c.
    P.T. van Rooden & J.W. Wesselius, ‘J.S. Rittangel in Amsterdam’, NAKG 65 (1985), 131–152Google Scholar
  5. 1d.
    E.G.E. van der Wall, De mystieke chiliast Petrus Serrarius (1600–1669) en zijn wereld, Leiden 1987 (diss.), 160–161; R.H. Popkin, ‘Some Aspects of Jewish-Christian Theological Interchanges in Holland and England 1640–1700’, in this volume pp. 3–32; J. van den Berg, ‘Proto-Protestants? The Image of the Karaites as a Mirror of the Catholic-Protestant Controversy in the Seventeenth Century’, in this volume pp. 33–50.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    On the Karaites, see i.a. Van den Berg, ‘Proto-Protestants’.Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    England’s Thankfulnesse, or an Humble Remembrance Presented to the Committee for Religion in the High Court of Parliament, published in: C. Webster (ed.), Samuel Hartlib and the Advancement of Learning, Cambridge 1970, 95–97.Google Scholar
  8. 4.
    England’s Thankfulnesse, 96.Google Scholar
  9. 5.
    John Durie, ‘An Epistolicall Discourse’, in: Th. Thorowgood, Iewes in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that Race, London 1650, e2ro, 3vo Google Scholar
  10. 5a.
    See also R.H. Popkin, ‘The Lost Tribes, the Caraites and the English Millenarians’, Journal of Jewish Studies 37 (1986), 213–27; Van den Berg, ‘Proto-Protestants?’, p. 38, n. 32.Google Scholar
  11. 6.
    See below Document no. 12.Google Scholar
  12. 7.
    Durie’s letter to Hartlib was published as a pamphlet entitled A Case of Conscience. See also Hartlib’s letter to John Worthington, 12.12.1655, Van den Berg, ‘Proto-Protestants?’, p. 39.Google Scholar
  13. 8.
    Thus John Stoughton to Hartlib, 20.12.1641.Google Scholar
  14. 9.
    See Van Rooden & Wesselius, ‘J.S. Rittangel in Amsterdam’, 131–39.Google Scholar
  15. 10.
    On the ‘Dutch’ side of the Hartlib circle, see Van der Wall, De mystieke chiliast Petrus Serrarius, ch. 3.Google Scholar
  16. 11.
    For Johannes Moriaen, see Van der Wall, De mystieke chiliast Petrus Serrarius, 99–101 and passim.Google Scholar
  17. 12.
    See below Document 1.Google Scholar
  18. 13.
    See below Document 4.Google Scholar
  19. 14.
    See below Document 7.Google Scholar
  20. 15.
    See below Document 6.Google Scholar
  21. 16.
    See below Document 9.Google Scholar
  22. 17.
    See below Documents 3 and 7.Google Scholar
  23. 18.
    See below Documents 10 and 11.Google Scholar
  24. 19.
    See below Documents 14, 15 and 17.Google Scholar
  25. 20.
    See below Document 14.Google Scholar
  26. 21.
    See below Document 16.Google Scholar
  27. 22.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/94 (University Library Sheffield). I thank Lord Dela-mere and the Librarian of the University Library Sheffield for the use of the Hartlib Papers.Google Scholar
  28. 23.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/165.Google Scholar
  29. 24.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/96.Google Scholar
  30. 25.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/97. This letter is published in: Milada Blekastad, Unbekannte Briefe des Comenius und seiner Freunde 1641–1661, Kastellaun 1976, 129–31.Google Scholar
  31. 26.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/102.Google Scholar
  32. 27.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/105.Google Scholar
  33. 28.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/106.Google Scholar
  34. 29.
    Published in: A. Patera, Jana Amosa Komenskeho Korrespondence, Praze 1892, 53.Google Scholar
  35. 30.
    N65e (UB Amsterdam).Google Scholar
  36. 31.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/109. See also Blekastad, Unbekannte Briefe, 132.Google Scholar
  37. 32.
    See Blekastad, Unbekannte Briefe, 18.Google Scholar
  38. 33.
    This letter is published in: Th. Wotschke, ‘Der polnischen Brüder Briefwechsel mit den märkischen Enthusiasten’, Deutsche Wissensch. Zeitschr. f. Polen 22 (1931), 58.Google Scholar
  39. 34.
    See Wotschke, ‘Der polnischen Brüder Briefwechsel’, 61–62.Google Scholar
  40. 35.
    N65h (UB Amsterdam).Google Scholar
  41. 36.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/118.Google Scholar
  42. 37.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 37/123.Google Scholar
  43. 38.
    Hartlib Papers Ms. 42/2/4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernestine G. E. Van Der Wall
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LeidenThe Netherlands

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