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Linear Viscoelasticity

  • John M. Dealy
  • Kurt F. Wissbrun

Abstract

The simplest type of viscoelastic behavior is linear viscoelasticity. This type of behavior is observed when the deformation is sufficiently mild that the molecules of a polymeric material are disturbed from their equilibrium configuration and entanglement state to a negligible extent. Obviously, very small deformations would be in this category. This might be a deformation in which the total strain was very small, or the early stages of a larger deformation. For melts, which have a fading memory and can flow, linear behavior is also observed when a deformation occurs very slowly, as in steady simple shear at very low shear rates. This is because relaxation processes due to Brownian motion are always acting to return the molecules to their equilibrium state, and if the deformation is tending to take them away from this state only very slowly, this relaxation mechanism has plenty of time to “keep up” with this process, with the net result that no significant deviation from equilibrium occurs. One manifestation of this is that at very low shear rates, the viscosity of a polymeric liquid becomes independent of shear rate.

Keywords

Molecular Weight Distribution Relaxation Modulus Creep Compliance Linear Viscoelasticity Narrow Molecular Weight Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Dealy
    • 1
  • Kurt F. Wissbrun
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Hoechst Celanese Research DivisionSummitUSA

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