The Individual Ontology and Ideology
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The thesis of the epistemological primacy of the individual is the core of medieval nominalism and of the empiricist tradition as well. Our basic knowledge is knowledge of the individual, all general knowledge is derived and the general has no ontological status whatsoever; the general is a product of the mind. Therefore we shall first dig up the roots of the medieval discussion, then expose the medieval points of view. This will enable us to understand fully the consequences of the new constructivistic theory. Indeed, the latter has not only ontological implications, it goes together with what Quine has called an ideology, a set of concepts that can be expressed in the system. This ideology, however, determines also negatively what concepts cannot be expressed and as a constructivistic system is meant to be applied and to be an instrument for describing reality in a scientific manner, both aspects, what can and what cannot be expressed, are crucial.
KeywordsProper Part Extensional Identity Secondary Substance Common Sense View Individual Essence
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