Stages and Strata in Dialectal History—Case Studies of Heng County, Da County, and Shipo

  • Dah-An Ho
Part of the Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory book series (SNLT, volume 36)


The study of dialectal history is an important part of Chinese dialectology. Ting Pang-hsin has recently published an article (1992) explaining the principles of such study. In general, the search for dialectal affiliation, analysis of reading and spoken pronunciation, reconstruction of older speech, and periodization of features to correspond with documentary evidence are all worthwhile tasks in the study of dialectal history. The aim of this short article, however, is to concentrate on a few anomalies. One finding is that dialectal anomalies often indicate different stages or strata in the history of a dialect. An accurate grasp of such anomalies is bound to help us in better understanding diachronic change in dialects and can coordinate effectively with the tasks mentioned above.


High Tone Short Vowel Tonal Sandhi Chinese Dialect Phonological Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bi, Ke-zhao: 1994, 廣西橫縣平話詞匯 ‘Guangxi Heng Xian Pinghua cihui (1)’, (The Vocabulary of Ping Speech of Heng County, Guangxi (1)) Fangyan (Dialect) 1, 70–77.Google Scholar
  2. Chao, Yuan-ren, Sheng-shu Ding, Shi-feng Yang, Zong-ji Wu, and Tong-he Dong: 1948, 湖北方言調查幸g吿 它/ Hubei fangyan diaocha baogao (Survey Report on Hubei Dialects), Institute of History and Philology, Monograph No. 82, Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan.Google Scholar
  3. Cui, Rong-chang: 1989, 四川達縣長沙話記略 ‘Sichuan Da Xian Changsha hua jilue’, (An Outline of Changsha Speech of Da County, Sichuan) Fangyan 1, 20–29.Google Scholar
  4. Fu, Guo-tong, Song-xi Fang, Yong-fei Cai, Shi-jie Bao, and Zuo-zhi Fu: 1985, 浙江吳語分區 Zhejiang Wuyu fenqu (Grouping of Zhejiang Wu Dialects), Zhejiang Sheng Yuyan Xuehui (Zhejiang Provincial Linguistics Association) Yuyanxue jikan (Linguistics Bulletin) No. 3, Dialect Monograph (Hangzhou Daxue xuebao (Journal of Hangzhou University) supplement).Google Scholar
  5. Fu, Zuo-zhi: 1984, 平陽蠻話的性質 ‘Pingyang Manhua de xingzhi’, (The Nature of Pingyang Man Speech) Fangyan (Dialect) 2, 95–100.Google Scholar
  6. Ho, Dah-an: 1984, 論贛方言 ‘Lun Gan fangyan’, (On Gan Dialects) Hanxue yanjiu (Chinese Studies) 5, 1–28.Google Scholar
  7. Ho, Dah-an: 1988, 濁上歸去與現代方言 ‘Zhuo shang gui qu yu xiandai fangyan’, (The Assignment of Voiced Shang Tone to Qu Tone and Modern Dialects) Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Lishi Yuyan Yanjiusuo jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica) 59, 115–140.Google Scholar
  8. Ho, Dah-an: 1989, 送氣分調及相關問題 ‘Song qi fendiao ji xiangguan wenti’, (Tonal Demarcation of Aspirates and Related Problems) Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Lishi Yuyan Yanjiusuo jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica) 40, 765–778.Google Scholar
  9. Norman, Jerry: 1991, ‘The Min Dialects in Historical Perspective,” in William S.Y. Wang (ed.), Languages and Dialects of China, pp. 325–360, Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series No. 3.Google Scholar
  10. Pan, Mao-ding, Ru-long Li, Yu-zhang Liang, Sheng-yu Zhang, and Zhang-tai Chen: 1963, 福建漢語方言分區略説 ‘Fujian Hanyu fangyan fenqu lüeshuo’, (A Brief Explanation of the Grouping of Fujian Chinese Dialects) Zhongguo yuwen 6, 475–495.Google Scholar
  11. Pan, Wu-yun: 1991, 蒼南蠻話’ ‘Cangnan Manhua’, (Cangnan Man Speech), Ms.Google Scholar
  12. Ting, Pang-hsin: 1988, 吳語中的閩語成分 ‘Wuyu zhong de Minyu chengfen’, (Components of Min Dialect in Wu Dialect) Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Lishi Yuyan Yanjiusuo jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica) 59, 13–22.Google Scholar
  13. Ting, Pang-hsin: 1992, 漢語方言史和方言區域史的 ‘Hanyu fangyan-shi he fangyan quyushi de yanjiu’, (Studies in Chinese Dialectal History and Dialectal Regional History) Zhongguo jingnei yuyan ji yuyanxue (Chinese Languages and Linguistics) 1, 23–40.Google Scholar
  14. Wen, Duan-zheng: 1991, 蒼南方言誌 Cangnan fangyan zhi (An Account of the Cangnan Dialect), Beijing: Yuwen Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  15. Yan, Sen: 1986, 江西方言的分區(稿) ‘Jiangxi fangyan de fenqu (gao)’, (Grouping of Jiangxi Dialects (Draft)) Fangyan (Dialect) 1, 19–38.Google Scholar
  16. Yan, Yi-ming: 1981, 平陽縣和泰順縣的方言情況 ‘Pingyang Xian he Taishun Xian de fangyan qingkuang’, (The State of the Dialects of Pingyang and Taishun Counties) Fangyan (Dialect) 1, 67–72.Google Scholar
  17. Yan, Yi-ming, Ke-yu Fan, and Yang Xu: 1981, 吳語、閩語在泰順的分界 ‘Wuyu, Minyu zai Taishun de fenjie’, (Demarcation of Wu and Min Dialects in Taishun) Yuwen luncong (Studies on Language and Script) 1, 129–133.Google Scholar
  18. Yang, Shi-feng: 1974, ®!方言調查報吿 Hunan fangyan diaocha baogao (Survey Report on Hunan Dialects), 2 Vols., Institute of History and Philology, Monograph No. 66, Taipei: Academia Sinica.Google Scholar
  19. Zhang, Zhen-xing: 1985, 閲語的分區(稿) ‘Minyu de fenqu (gao)’ (Grouping of the Min Dialects (Draft)) Fangyan (Dialect) 3, 171–180.Google Scholar
  20. Zheng-Zhang, Shang-fang: 1984, 平陽蠻話的性質 ‘Pingyang Manhua de xingzhi’, (The Nature of Pingyang Man Speech) Fangyan (Dialect) 2, 100–101.Google Scholar
  21. Zheng-Zhang, Shang-fang: 1985, 浦城方言的南北區分 ‘Pucheng fangyan de nanbei qufen’, (Northern and Southern Differentiation in Pucheng Dialect) Fangyan (Dialect) 1, 39–45.Google Scholar

Translator’s citation

  1. Pulleyblank, E.G. (1984) Middle Chinese, A Study in Historical Phonology, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dah-An Ho

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations