Ecosearch: a new paradigm for evaluating the utility of wildlife habitat

  • Henry L. Short
  • Jay B. Hestbeck
  • Ralph W. Tiner
Part of the Conservation Biology book series (COBI, volume 6)


Resource managers must respond to legislative and societal demands to manage wildlife habitats in a cost-effective manner. To be successful, managers need a methodology:
  1. 1.

    to predict the composition or the biodiversity of the wildlife community that can occur on a unit of landscape at a given time;

  2. 2.

    to plan management strategies to enhance the future status of the wildlife community or of selected species of special interest;

  3. 3.

    to evaluate the impacts that proposed developments might have on the wildlife community;

  4. 4.

    to provide a means to predict trends in the status of the wildlife community over time.



Cover Type Habitat Structure Wildlife Habitat Wildlife Species National Wetland Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, S.H. and Gutzwiller, K.J. (1994) Habitat evaluation methods. Research and Management Techniques for Wildlife and Habitats, (ed. T.A. Bookout), pp. 592–606. Wildlife Society, Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar
  2. Cody, M.L. (ed.) (1985) Habitat Selection in Birds. Academic Press, Orlando, FL. 558 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Cowardin, L.M., Carter, V., Golet, F.C. and LaRoe, E.T. (1979) Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC. 131 pp.Google Scholar
  4. DeGraaf, R.M. and Rudis, D.D. (1992) New England Wildlife: Habitat, Natural History, and Distribution. USDA Forest Service. Northeastern For. Exp. Stat. Gen. Tech. Rept. NE-108. 491 pp.Google Scholar
  5. DeGraaf, R.M., Yamasaki, M., Leak, W.B. and Lanier, J.W. (1992) New England Wildlife: Management of Forested Habitats. USDA Forest Service. Northeastern For. Exp. Stat. Gen. Tech. Rept. NE-144. 271 pp.Google Scholar
  6. ESRI (1992) Cell-based Modeling with GRID™, Version 6, 2nd edn. EnvironmentalSystems Research Institute, Redlands, CA.Google Scholar
  7. Foulis, D.B., and Tiner, R.W. (1994a) Wetland trends for selected areas of the Casco Bay Estuary of the Gulf of Maine (1974–77 to 1984–87). USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, Hadley, MA. Ecological Services report R5-94/1. 15 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Foulis, D.B. and Tiner, R.W. (1994b) Wetland status and trends in St Mary’s County, Maryland (1981–82 to 1988–89). USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, Hadley, MA. Ecological Services report R5-93/20. 13 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Geibert, E.H. (1979) Songbird diversity along a powerline right-of-way in an urbanizing Rhode Island environment. Trans. NE. Sect. Wildl. Soc. 36:32–44.Google Scholar
  10. Heatwole, H. (1982) A review of structuring in herpetofaunal assemblages, in Herpetological Communities, (ed. N.J. Scott), pp. 1–19. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. Wildl. Res. Rept. 13.Google Scholar
  11. Karr, J.R. (1971) Structure of avian communities in selected Panama and Illinois habitats. Ecol. Monogr. 41:207–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. MacArthur, R.H. (1958) Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests. Ecology 39(4):599–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. MacArthur, R.H., MacArthur, J.W. and Preer, J. (1962) On bird species diversity: II. Prediction of bird census from habitat measurements. American Naturalist 96(888):167–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Maser, C., Mate, B.R., Franklin, J.F. and Dryness, C.T. (1981) Natural history of Oregon coast mammals. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest For. and Range Exp. Stat. Gen. Tech. Rept. PNW-133.Google Scholar
  15. National Wetlands Inventory (1990) Photointerpretation conventions for the National Wetlands Inventory. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, St. Petersburg, FL. 45 pp + Appendices.Google Scholar
  16. National Wetlands Inventory (1992) Digitizing conventions for the National Wetlands Inventory. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, St. Petersburg, FL. 22 pp + attachments.Google Scholar
  17. Rabenold, K.N. (1978) Foraging strategies, diversity, and seasonality in bird communities of Appalachian spruce-fir forests. Ecol. Monogr. 48:397–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Root, R.B. (1967) The niche exploitation pattern of the Blue-gray Gnatcatcher. Ecol. Monogr. 37(4):317–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Scott, J.M., Davis, F., Csuti, B. et al. (1993) GAP analysis: A geographic approach to protection of biological diversity. Wildl. Monogr. 123:1–41.Google Scholar
  20. Short, H.L. (1983) Wildlife Guilds in Arizona Desert Habitats. USDI, Bur. Land Manage. Tech. Note 362. 258 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Short, H.L. (1985) Management goals and habitat structure, in Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting Uses, (tech. coords R.R. Johnson, C.D. Zieball, D.R. Patton et al.), pp. 257–262. First North American Riparian Conference. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rept. RM 120, 523 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Short, H.L. (1988) A habitat structure model for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management 27:289–305.Google Scholar
  23. Short, H.L. (1989) A wildlife habitat model for predicting effects of human activities on nesting birds, in Freshwater Wetlands and Wildlife, (eds R.R. Sharitz and J.W. Gibbons), pp. 957–973. USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Oak Ridge, TN.Google Scholar
  24. Short, H.L. (1992) Use of the habitat linear appraisal system to inventory and monitor the structure of habitats, in Ecological Indicators, Vol. 2, (eds D.H. McKenzie, D.E. Hyatt and V.J. McDonald), pp. 961–974. Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York.Google Scholar
  25. Short, H.L. and Hestbeck, J.B. (1995) National biotic resource inventories and GAP analysis. BioScience 45(8):535–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Short, H.L. and Williamson, S.C. (1986) Evaluating the structure of habitat for wildlife, in Wildlife 2000: Modeling Habitat Relationships of Terrestrial Vertebrates, (eds J. Verner, M.L. Morrison and C.J. Ralph), pp. 97–104. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI. 470 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Thomas, J.W. (ed.) (1979) Wildlife Habitats in Managed Forests: The Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. USDA Forest Service. Agriculture Handbook no. 553. 512 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Verner, J. and Boss, A.S. (eds) (1980) California Wildlife and their Habitats: Western Sierra Nevada. USDA Forest Service. General Technical Rep. PSW-37. 439 pp.Google Scholar
  29. Wenger, K.F. (ed.) (1984) Forestry Handbook, 2nd edn. SAF Publ. No. 84-01. John Wiley and Sons, NY. 1335 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry L. Short
  • Jay B. Hestbeck
  • Ralph W. Tiner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations